June19 - June 19, 2006 Basic Elements of Music Rhythm...

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June 19, 2006 Basic Elements of Music Rhythm Melody (pitch) Harmony Sound (timbre) Shape (form) Pitch Pitched tone – has identifiable fundamental frequency Indefinite pitched tone – no identifiable fundamental frequency Highness-lowness (measured in hertz; 20-20,000 cycles per second = healthy human ear) Frequency (objective) – 440 is standard Amplitude (objective) – measured in decibels; 100 dB = pain Intonation (subjective) – has to do with culture Scale – diatonic system: whole steps Octave – 8 steps, ABCDEFGA Melody Vocal melody – more conjunct Instrumental melody – more disjunct Simple-complex Conjunct motion – not many leaps Disjunctive motion - many leaps; idiomatic construction Ornamentation Smaller scale Motive (hook) – smallest identifiable unit of melody Sequence – rhythmic/melodic pattern, repeated at different pitch levels Cadence – musical punctuation dividing music into phrases (incomplete – complete) Larger scale Phrases – period – sentence, irregular – regular, ornamented
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2008 for the course MUSIC 102 taught by Professor Stuart during the Summer '06 term at Iowa State.

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June19 - June 19, 2006 Basic Elements of Music Rhythm...

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