Chapter 30 Identities - Chapter 30 Identities Black Urban...

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Chapter 30 Identities Black Urban Migration Black Urban Migration, also known as the Second Great Migration, was the movement of some 6 million blacks from the South to the North from 1916 to 1970. This migration would increase tension, culminating in the Race Riots following World War I. Nineteenth Amendment The Nineteenth Amendment, passed by Congress in 1920, granted women the right to vote in America. The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment would end a century-long fight for political gender equality, started by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott with the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848. Sussex Pledge The Sussex Pledge was a promise made by Germany to America that they would not torpedo unarmed merchant ships without warning. This Sussex Pledge was negotiated after the sinkings of the Lusitania or the Sussex sparked the fury of the American public. Preparedness After the Great War broke out in Europe, the United States government had a dark realization that the US Armed Forces were woefully unprepared for engaging in a prolonged war. Thus, presidents such as Roosevelt, and later Wilson, commissioned for an expansion of the military, with Wilson successfully pushing for the National Defense Act of 1916, raising the army to 175,000, and commissioning the construction of 50 new warships. Opposition to War Americans in the Midwest and West, however, despised the policy of preparedness, thinking that it would lead to American involvement in the war. Populists, Progressives, and Socialists headed by those such as William Jennings Bryan, Jane Addams, and Jeanette Rankin opposed war buildup.
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