Chapter 20 Identities - Chapter 20 APUSH Identities Fort...

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Chapter 20 APUSH Identities Fort Sumter (Use of executive power) Fort Sumter was a Union fort which controlled the port of Charleston, South Carolina. After the secession of the original Confederate States of America from the Union, the new Confederate government prevented the resupply of the fort, and when President Lincoln tried to deliver provisions to the Union soldiers of Fort Sumter, the Confederate army lay siege to the installation, after which Union Major Anderson and his men surrendered after 34 hours. Although no casualties were wrought, this battle caused President Lincoln to call for 75,000 volunteers for the army, which, in turn, caused four more states to leave the Union. The Battle of Fort Sumter is considered the opening battle of the Civil War. Border States The Border States of Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and the newly- formed West Virginia, lay between the border of Confederate and Union territory. These states were also strategic because they contained the Ohio River, which was vital to both sides of the war. West Virginia The key border state of West Virginia was formed as a result of seceding from Virginia, as most of West Virginia’s population did not want to secede from now- Confederate Virginia. The state was formed under mild illegality, but the needs of war circumvented the illegitimacy of the formation of West Virginia. Wartime Advantages The North’s main wartime advantage was the capacity for manufacturing. Munitions, arms, and ordnance could all be created in the Northern factories, and the union border states’ control of the Ohio River was also a strategic advantage over the Confederacy. Additionally, the North was wealthier and more populous than the South, and had better infrastructure in the form of railroads.
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  • Fall '18
  • Paul Wood
  • Abraham Lincoln, American Civil War, Confederate States of America

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