Chapter 26 Identities - Chapter 26 Identities National...

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Chapter 26 Identities National Grange Movement The National Grange Movement, also known as the Patrons of Husbandry or simply as the Grange, was a group founded in 1867 by those such as Oliver Hudson Kelley to promote the needs of farmers and to advance the techniques used in agriculture. The Grange often involved themselves with politics, lobbying for policy such as the Granger Laws that benefited farmers across the nation. Munn v. Illinois Munn v. Illinois was a US Supreme Court Case in 1876 under Chief Justice Morrison Waite that upheld the power of the government to regulate private industry. The Munn and Scott grain warehouse firm was found guilty of violating Illinois state law dictating a maximum storage and transport rate for agricultural products; policy which was enacted due to pressure from the Grange. Stalwarts The Stalwarts were conservative faction who saw themselves in ‘stalwart’ opposition to President Hayes’ numerous and continued efforts to reconcile with the South after the Reconstruction Era. The Stalwarts also opposed civil service reform, opting instead for the patronage system. Half-Breeds The term ‘Half-Breed’ was coined by the Stalwarts to mock the more liberal faction of the Republican Party. The nickname implied that those under the Half-Breed classification were only half Republican because of their more liberal outlook on policy. Mugwumps The Mugwumps were Republican political activists who supported Democratic presidential candidate Grover Cleveland in the Election of 1884 due to the corruption associated with Republican candidate James G. Blaine. The term ‘mugwump’ derived from an Algonquian word synonymous with “important person”, which mocked the group’s “holier-than-thou” worldviews. Greenback Party The Greenback Party was an American political party that operated in the late 1800s, advocating for the continued use and minting of paperback currency, called “greenbacks.” Additionally, the Greenback Party supported anti-monopolistic policy.
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