Chapter 22 Identities - Chapter 22 Identities Proclamation...

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Chapter 22 Identities Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction The Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, also known as the Ten Percent Plan, was issued by President Abraham Lincoln three years into the Civil War, creating a plan for reconciliation with the South, and rebuilding the broken Union. The plan required for 10% of voters to swear allegiance to the Union and to abide by the Emancipation before reconstruction of state government would be instigated. Lincoln also pardoned all Southerners, except high- ranking Confederate officials, and promised that their property maintained - except for their slaves. Wade-Davis Bill The Wade-Davis Bill, proposed by Senator Benjamin F. Wade and Representative Henry Winter Davis, was proposed in response to the perceived mildness of Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan. The Wade-Davis Bill proposed that 50% of all voters in the South had to pledge loyalty to the Union, and that every state had to allow blacks to vote. Although the bill passed Congress, President Lincoln refused to sign it, killing the bill with a pocket veto. After Lincoln’s death, however, Congress was able to install laws that were more harsh than the initial bill. Freedmen’s Bureau The Freedmen’s Bureau, also known as the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, was established by Congress in 1865 to assist the millions of poor whites and newly-emancipated slaves in the South. The Bureau would supply rations, clothing, and fuel as it saw fit under the United States Department of War to the destitute in the South. Black codes Black Codes were laws that restricted the civil rights and liberties of blacks. These laws were common in 1865 and 1866 in an attempt by Southern whites to suppress freedmen and to install a pseudo-slavery system, but they were also present in the North, as racist sentiments prevailed throughout the entire country. These laws would deny right such as the right to vote, public education, and equal treatment under the law. Election of 1866 The Election of 1866, though not a presidential election, featured the incumbent president, Andrew Johnson, campaign throughout New England in an attempt to regain the public support he lost with his Reconstruction policies. In his campaign, Johnson venomously condemned Radical Republicanism alongside Secessionism, citing that neither extreme was tolerable. Two-thirds of all votes in the congressional election of 1866 went to Republicans.
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  • Fall '18
  • Paul Wood
  • Reconstruction era of the United States, Klu klux klan

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