Paper 1 - Isabela Nava Pre Modern World History Paper 1 The Different Views on the Role and Function of Government The city-states of ancient

Paper 1 - Isabela Nava Pre Modern World History Paper...

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Isabela Nava February 11, 2019 Pre Modern World History Paper 1 The Different Views on the Role and Function of Government The city-states of ancient Greece, the Roman empire, the Chinese empire of the Qin dynasty, and the Indian empire of the Mauryan dynasty all had their own means of establishing and maintaining their authority and influencing the political structure of their time. How each of these civilizations interpreted political authority ultimately shaped the lives of people as a whole in the times to come. Classical Greece emerged ca. 750 B.C.E and flourished exceptionally for about 400 years. One of its most distinctive features was the popular participation of citizens in city-states. The equality between all citizens under the law induced active regular participation from a number of its population. The Greeks of Athens were no exception to the success of the renowned Athenian democracy and political participation, eliciting admiration from arguably the most prominent leaders of Athens during the fifth century B.C.E. Pericles, nicknamed the first citizen of Athens, described Athenian democracy in a speech he gave as an example to its neighbors such that no matter what social status a citizen may be, they can still benefit their country. Pericles’s argument for democracy is derived from fundamental principles, such as human quality, in that he says “there is no exclusiveness in our public life, and in our private

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