05/07/091ISS 210 Section 004Family Ecology in Global PerspectiveSociety and the Individual
05/07/092The Scientific Process:The Relationship between Theory and ResearchSocial scientists are constantly engaged in a process of discovering new knowledge(formulating and reformulating theories)Information based on observed regularities in social life(testing existing knowledge)
05/07/094METHODS OF CONDUCTING RESEARCHSelf-Report Research StrategiesDirect questioning of research subjectsProblems:Issues of honesty and accuracy
05/07/095RESEARCH METHODS(Continued)SURVEY RESEARCHPreferred by researchersEasy to administerEasier to generalize larger samplesSince all respondents are asked the same questions data is consistent
05/07/096Writing self-report items and examples of poorly written questionsHow is your family?I am interested in learning about families. Would you call your family enmeshed or disengaged?I am interested in families. So, what is your spouse like?Would you say you and your spouse have problems in communicating or do you have a pretty good marriage?
05/07/097Research MethodsContinuedProblems with SurveysQuestions on survey do not reveal much detail about the respondents attitudesPutting an “X” in the strongly agree box does not tell the researcher why the respondent agrees or under what conditions would they disagree
05/07/098RESEARCH METHODSContinuedINTERVIEWSInterviews permit open-ended questions that encourage discussionQuestions can be asked in different ways to reduce misunderstanding and probe into answers