ISS_theories_lecture_spring_studnt - ISS 210 Section 004...

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05/07/09 1 ISS 210 Section 004 Family Ecology in Global Perspective Society and the Individual
05/07/09 2 The Scientific Process: The Relationship between Theory and Research Social scientists are constantly engaged in a process of discovering new knowledge (formulating and reformulating theories) Information based on observed regularities in social life (testing existing knowledge)
05/07/09 3 Scientific Process Theory Empirical Generalizations Observation Hypotheses Logical Induction Logical Deduction Operationalization Summarization EXPLORATORY EXPLANATORY FAMILY
05/07/09 4 METHODS OF CONDUCTING RESEARCH Self-Report Research Strategies Direct questioning of research subjects Problems: Issues of honesty and accuracy
05/07/09 5 RESEARCH METHODS (Continued) SURVEY RESEARCH Preferred by researchers Easy to administer Easier to generalize larger samples Since all respondents are asked the same questions data is consistent
05/07/09 6 Writing self-report items and examples of poorly written questions How is your family? I am interested in learning about families. Would you call your family enmeshed or disengaged? I am interested in families. So, what is your spouse like? Would you say you and your spouse have problems in communicating or do you have a pretty good marriage?
05/07/09 7 Research Methods Continued Problems with Surveys Questions on survey do not reveal much detail about the respondents attitudes Putting an “X” in the strongly agree box does not tell the researcher why the respondent agrees or under what conditions would they disagree
05/07/09 8 RESEARCH METHODS Continued INTERVIEWS Interviews permit open-ended questions that encourage discussion Questions can be asked in different ways to reduce misunderstanding and probe into answers

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