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CH6_Relationships_Outside_the_Community - government B...

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V. Chapter 6: Relations with the Outside Society A. Regulation and Encroachment 1. From 1873 to 1945 the only outside relations were with the Hudson Bay Company and that was one of perpetual debt and with the Christian missionary schools. 2. From 1945 to 1963 major changes due to increased regulation and government encroachment on economic activities. 3. Trapping a) Government perceived trapping as a “priviledge” b) Anishinabe perceived it as a way of life. 4. Commercial and sport fishing increased competition for this resource and increased regulation of access. 5. Wild rice license (use of mechanized harvesters) a) Government perceived it as a cash crop, even allowing mechanical harvesters. The Anishinabe perceived it as a dietary staple. b) Giving the tribal government the power to issue licenses and regulate the wild rice harvest expanded the power of the tribal
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Unformatted text preview: government. B. Government Health and Education policies in the 1950s gave DIAND the ability to legislate on behalf of Indian people and to control their lives. C. Urban emigration 1. Exposure to new values, including welfare system. 2. Return those values to the reservation. D. Relations with Kenora 1. White residents complained about “drunken Indians”. 2. The reservation was a source of money and employment for the local economy. 3. Value conflict: welfare dependency viewed as immoral. 4. Indians excluded from town’s social life and faced racial discrimination. a) Conflict over access to Anishinabe Park. b) American Indian Movement (AIM) and Ojibwa Warrior Society. c) As “outside suppliers”, residents of Kenora benefited more than the Indians from the government programs....
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