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CH7_New_Patterns_of_Livelihood - b Food v Groceries(a Less...

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VI. Chapter 7: New Patterns of Livelihood A. Mechanisms of assimilation 1. Carrots – positive inducements. a. Schools on the reserves. b. Sedentary communities c. Modernization (but not development) 2. Sticks – financial reprisal for non-conformity. a. School attendance b. Welfare, pensions and family allowance docked. B. Shifts in resource exploitation 1. Decline in fur prices undermined trapping. 2. Canned goods replaced wild game. 3. Mercury in river eliminated guides. C. Slide into dependence 1. Government make-work projects 2. Role of the band/tribal government is to obtain government grants. D. Loss of pride and self-respect. 1. Sense of deprivation – “not the amount (of resources) but its source” 2. Undermines traditional values of sharing and mutual aid. a. For the men, loss of the skills needed to survive in the bush.
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Unformatted text preview: b. Food v Groceries (a) Less protein in diet. (b) More fats and carbohydrates. (c) Mothers bottle-feeding with inadequate food (sugar water). c. Women’s loss of status. (a) Under 25 have no normative frame of reference (b) Over 50 have traditional roles and skills. (c) Those 25-50 most severely affected (i) Catastrophic response: remember they could once do something but cannot remember how. (ii) Sense of helplessness. E. Government assumptions about the Indian problem (p. 166) 1. Indians on a path from traditional and backward to modern. 2. This transition is inevitable and desirable. 3. Government is to assist this transition and bring Ojibwa to modern Canadian standards. 4. Traditional culture and attitudes are barriers to change. a. Total lack of consultation b. Total sense of powerlessness...
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CH7_New_Patterns_of_Livelihood - b Food v Groceries(a Less...

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