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As noted in the textbook readings for this module/week, there are many Constitutional limitations on criminal law. One such limitation is the prohibition of ex post facto laws. Please discuss the following:What is the ex post facto clause and how does it limit criminal law?According to Gardner & Anderson (2015), “Ex Post Facto is a criminal law made retroactive to punish prior conduct not criminal when done”. The Ex Post Facto Clause, according to Gardner & Anderson, forbids the following:Law made retroactive so as to make conduct before the enactment of the law a criminal violation.Laws that aggravate a crime retroactively (e.g., making a misdemeanor a felony as of a date six months before the enactment of the legislation).Laws that increase the punishment for a crime retroactively.Laws that alter the legal rules of evidence and permit conviction on less or different evidence than the law required at the time of the commission of the offense.