AP U.S. History Unit 8Kayla MorrisPeriod 3Places1)Kuwait:Saddam Hussein, ruler of Iraq, sent his armies to overrun Kuwait; oil fueled
Saddam's aggression—Iraq needed Kuwait's oil to pay its huge war bills from the eight-year war with Iran. The U.S. enmity for Islamic-fundamentalist Iran was intense & U.S. policy-makers helped build Saddam's military machine into a formidable force.2)Somalia:A republic in extreme eastern Africa on the Somali Peninsula.People1)Ronald Reagan:Believed in tax cuts and less government spending; cut out many welfareand public works programs; used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict; His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War; responsible for the Iran-contra Affair which bought hostages with guns.2)Edward Kennedy:Known for his charisma and oratorical skills. His 1968 eulogy for his brother Robert and his 1980 rallying cry for modern American liberalism were among hisbest-known speeches. He became recognized as "The Lion of the Senate" through his long tenure and influence. More than 300 bills that Kennedy and his staff wrote were enacted into law.3)Geraldine Ferraro:In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congress woman running for Vice President with Walter Mondale.4)Mikhail Gorbachev:Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms.5)George H. W. Bush:An American republican politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1992 and continued Reagan's policies and Reaganomics. 6)Saddam Hussein:In 2003, a coalition led by the U.S. and U.K. invaded Iraq to depose Saddam, in which U.S. President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair accused him of possessing weapons of mass destruction and having ties to al-Qaeda. Saddam's Ba'ath party was disbanded and Iraq made a transition to a democratic system. Following his capture on 13 December 2003, the trial of Saddam took place under the Iraqi interim government. On 5 November 2006, Saddam was convicted of charges related to the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shiites and was sentenced to death by hanging. His execution was carried out on 30 December 2006.7)Bill Clinton:42nd President of the United States. He advocated economic and healthcare reform and was the second president to be impeached.8)Ross Perot:He rose as a significant third party candidate. A tech-company billionaire who spent his own money campaigning, he ran on one main issue: the U.S. must get the debt under control--he caused the split votes letting Democrats win.9)Newt Gingrich:After the disagreement in the federal government over the budget between Republican leaders and the president, Public opinion turned quickly and powerfully against the Republican leadership and against much of its agenda. This controversial Republican Speaker of the House, quickly became one of the most unpopular political leaders in the nation, while President Clinton slowly improved his standing in the polls.