Carbohydrate (CHO) Study Questions
What is the general formula for CHO?
The general formula for CHO is CnH2nOn where n is any number greater than 6.
What process produces CHO? What are the starting materials?
CHO is produced by photosynthesis: CO2 + H2O + sunlight
In what foods do CHO occur?
Grains, beans, legumes, roots, tubers, starchy vegetables, pasta, noodles, bread,
oatmeal, rice, grits, fruits, candies, baked goods.
Based on number of subunits
What is a simple sugar?
Sugars are made of a ring of five or six carbon atoms, sometimes with two
rings linked together.
In nature, sugars occur mostly in fruits with lesser
amount in vegetables.
What is a complex carbohydrate?
Complex carbohydrates or starches are chains of thousands of these
Complex carbohydrates occur in grains, beans and legumes,
roots, tubers, and starch vegetables.
What is a monosaccharide?
A monosaccharide is a simple sugar consisting of a single ring structure
and six carbon atoms.
What is the shape of a glucose molecule? How many carbon atoms
does it contain?
Glucose is a six-sided ring with an oxygen atom at one apex, with the
sixth carbon and other oxygens outside the ring.
Where is it found?
Glucose tastes sweet, and is found in fruits, honey, and sweet corn, and
in the bloodstream.