PHL 200 9.11.07 - Two claims mean the same thing only if it is impossible for one to be true and at the same time the second is false Stace The

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PHL 200 9.11.07 I. Chisholm’s objection to Ayer II. Walter Stace III. Chisholm- what it takes (to be free) IV. Agent causation/event causation V. Doing something x/ doing something that makes x happen VI. Accident argument of Ayer Chisholm-Libertarian Ayer/ Stace- Compatibilist Consider (A) and (B) (A) She could have done otherwise a. “She could have done otherwise than pick up the wooden stale” (B) If she had chosen otherwise, then she would have done otherwise a. “If she had chosen to do otherwise than pick up the wooden stake, then she would have not picked up the stake” Ayer claims: 1. (a) and (b) mean the same thing. 2. (b)-type claims are consistent with determinism’s truth, i.e. (b)-type claims can be true in a determinist universe. Chisholm thinks 1 is false.
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Unformatted text preview: Two claims mean the same thing only if it is impossible for one to be true and at the same time the second is false. Stace: The problem of free will is a semantic problem. Free acts vs unfree acts Unfree Acts: He doesn’t eat because there is no food He leaves because he was forcibly removed Free Acts: Gandhi doesn’t eat because of a desire to free India He leaves because he desires a lunch Chisholm: Entirely up to the man himself: 1. someone forces the man’s hand 2. someone hypnotizes the man 3. the man’s beliefs and desires (his motive) causes him to pull the trigger Transuent causation = event causation Immanent causation = agent causation A person is an agent, not an event...
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course PHL 200 taught by Professor Dowell during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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PHL 200 9.11.07 - Two claims mean the same thing only if it is impossible for one to be true and at the same time the second is false Stace The

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