14 complex relationship between the Apollonian and Valerian versions of the story, often as filtered through Homeric, Vergilian, and Ovidian lenses.52Valerius’use of other Greek genres has been explored to a lesser degree, but especially noteworthy here is Dinter’s observation of a Valerian “poetics of epigram”: certain scenes from the Argonautica, he argues, allude to themes from Greek and Roman sepulchral and dedicatory epigram, and Valerius often describes dead or doomed characters using “epitaphic gestures”(such as the phrase te quoque), which serve both as structural markers and as sentimental gestures toward a bygone golden era.53The fiercely Roman theme of Silius Italicus’Punicaseems to have discouraged comparison with Greek antecedents, especially in light of more obvious Vergilian intertexts.54But Augoustakis’recent collection has brought the issue to the fore, and interesting arguments have been made about the presence in the Punicanot only of Homeric epic, but also of Pindaric epinikia and even Greek political philosophy.55Martial’s own take on Silius, whom he addresses as a patron in several epigrams, is rather more self-serving, but still informative. He describes Silius not just as a Roman (literary) champion (4.14.2-3 qui periuria barbari furoris / ingenti premis ore, “you who crush with massive mouth the injustices of barbarian madness”), but as Castalidum decus sororum(“glory of the Castalian sisters”), an epithet with a surprising Greek component.56Martial concludes this same poem by openly comparing Silius to Vergil (13-4): sic forsan tener ausus est Catullus / magno mittere Passerem Maroni(“perhaps in 52A few recent studies are Davis (2009); Leigh (2010); Finkmann (2014); Krasne (2014); van der Schuur (2014); Seal (2014). 53Dinter (2009). 54Two notable exceptions are Juhnke (1972) and Ripoll (2001). 55Homer: Karakasis (2014), van der Keur (2014); Pindar: Littlewood (2014); philosophy: Fucecchi (2014). 56Cf. Soldevila (2006) 178-9. It is tempting to take this poem and its inflated epic language as a playful mockery of Silius’ chosen genre, if not Silius himself.