PHL 200 10.30.07-utilitarianism

PHL 200 10.30.07-utilitarianism - PHL 200 10.30.07 I....

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PHL 200 10.30.07 I. Ethical theories and morally relevant considerations The theories that tell us how to act; Ethical theory is instrument that we use to view an action as morally right or wrong Morally relevant considerations: if you blow your friend off for lunch, how much of an inconvenience will it be for them? Did you make a promise? Non-morally relevant: color of friend’s eyes, height, etc II. Act utilitarianism and the G.H.P Moe Lenny Myself Net Action A: -1 -1 5 +3 Action B: -1 10 -1 +4 Action C: 4 4 -1 +7 Action C fulfills the most overall, general happiness according to the GHP Always go with NET happiness, not the number of people who are happy. Pain Satisfaction Displeasure Pleasure Unhappiness Happiness < --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- > -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Betrayed by insulted by Grandma’s Winning the a friend a stranger Apple Pie lottery III. Intrinsic goods/instrumental goods Intrinsic Good: if it is good in-an-of-itself, i.e., inherently good.
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PHL 200 10.30.07-utilitarianism - PHL 200 10.30.07 I....

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