HBS+EOC+Review+Part+2.docx - HBS EOC Review Part 2 Unit 2...

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HBS EOC Review Part 2 Unit 2 Term Definition Sentence Central Nervous System The part of the nervous system which in vertebrates consists of the brain and spinal cord, to which sensory impulses are transmitted and from which motor impulses pass out, and which supervises and coordinates the activity of the entire nervous system. Messages from the brain are carried by the central nervous system. Peripheral Nervous System The part of the nervous system that is outside the central nervous system and comprises the cranial nerves excepting the optic nerve, the spinal nerves, and the autonomic nervous system. Your peripheral nervous system has been damaged, so called diabetic neuropathy. Cerebrum The dorsal portion, composed of right and left hemispheres, of the vertebrate forebrain; the integrating center for memory, learning, emotions, and other highly complex function of the central nervous system. The cerebrum is the thinking part of the brain. Cerebellum A large dorsally projecting part of the brain concerned especially with the coordination of muscles and the maintenance of bodily equilibrium, situated between the brain stem and the back of the cerebrum and formed in humans of two lateral lobes and a median lobe. The cerebellum is positively bursting with over-activity. Gyrus A convoluted ridge between anatomical grooves. And damage to the brain's superior temporal gyrus can lead to Wernicke's aphasia. Sulcus A shallow furrow on the surface of the brain separating adjacent gyri. Superior buccal gingival sulcus incision dissection was made inferior to zygomatic bone and
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HBS EOC Review Part 2 zygomatic arch periosteum. Limbic System A group of subcortical structures (as the hypothalamus, the hippocampus, and the amygdala) of the brain that are concerned especially with emotion and motivation. The oldest, the limbic system , directs our deep automatic responses. Phrenology The study of the conformation of the skull based on the belief that it is indicative of mental faculties and character. He was also interested in phrenology and conducted a male voice choir. Broca’s Area A region of the brain concerned with the production of speech, located in the cortex of the dominant frontal lobe. But the new study shows that Broca's area is involved in both speaking and comprehension. Wernicke’s Area A region of the brain concerned with the comprehension of language, located in the cortex of the dominant temporal lobe. From Wernicke's area, information travels to Broca's area, then to the Primary Motor Cortex. Unipolar Neuron A type of neuron in which only one protoplasmic process (neurite) extends from the cell body. Unipolar neurons have one process that attached to the cell body. Bipolar Neuron A type of neuron which has two extensions (one axon and one dendrite).
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