Macro vs. Micro vs. Global Approaches to Sport Sociology
Microstructures are intimate, face-to-face social interactions with, for example, friends,
family, work colleagues, teachers, and coaches and how they influence society. These are small
groups such as a curling foursome, bowling team, or the board of a children’s soccer league.
People participate in microstructures for personal reasons and because they “tend to be
emotionally deep and enduring
An example of a
is a child from a single-parent family who looks to his
softball coach for guidance in dealing with a problem he is experiencing at home.
- Macrostructures are larger than microstructures and represent social relations that
occur outside a person’s inner circle. In this course, we will be concerned primarily with
macrostructures, focusing on the relationship of sport to institutions such as education, politics,
and the media, Inequities in sport as a result of sex, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status
The football national anthem protests is an example of the sorts of issues that require a
more macro-level analysis. Colin Kaepernick
- Global structures, which are larger than macrostructures, are relations between
nations, cultures, and societies. For example, as a result of advancements in transportation and
communication, sport has globalized. Even though the world’s population is growing at an
alarming rate, as a result of advancements in transportation and communication our world has, in
Today, the Internet has made communication of everything sport-related instantaneous,
and teams and their fans can travel quickly to competitor’s venues thanks to more rapid
modes of transportation. Away Games
What is Sociological Theory?