IAH 201 3.19.07 - IAH 201 Spring 2007"Second Wave Feminism Women's Political Participation in the U.S 1960-1985 Thesis In the 1960s feminism

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IAH 201 Spring 2007 "Second Wave Feminism: Women's Political Participation in the U.S., 1960-1985" Thesis: In the 1960s, feminism exploded for a second time in American politics. Different feminist groups advocated different types of strategies for fighting for egalitarianism. Feminists worked together to bring many significant changes to American society, but in the 1980s, they divided over whether to use the language of difference or the language of equality as they addressed subjects like pornography. I. Results of First Wave Feminism A. Successes 19 th amendment, 1920 Sheppard- Towner act, 1921 : gives federal money to maternity and child welfare programs Networks of women in politics B. Failures Backlash: abortion criminalized, 1860-1890 (40 states) Information about birth control banned from mail, 1873 Feminism became dirty word, 1920s Equal rights amendment, 1923-failed! “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex” Women’s status in 1960 - over half of all married women in the US were working in the workforce - women made 59 cents for every dollar men made - husbands could rape their wives legally - women were routinely fired for being pregnant - married women could not get credit cards or open bank accounts under their own name - married women were required to changes their names to their husbands’ names - abortion illegal II. Second Wave Feminism A. Liberal feminism, 1963-1975: 1. Language of equality: “We can no longer ignore that voice within women that says: ‘I want something more than my husband and my children and my home’” –Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique, 1963
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course IAH 201 taught by Professor Dontknow during the Spring '05 term at Michigan State University.

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IAH 201 3.19.07 - IAH 201 Spring 2007"Second Wave Feminism Women's Political Participation in the U.S 1960-1985 Thesis In the 1960s feminism

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