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Cassandra Davis 9/23/2018 CJ505: Assignment #2
The Positivist School argued that crime was not a rationally reasoned behavior that could be deterred and controlled by punishment. The 19 th century positivist school sought scientific proof that crime was caused by features within the individual (Moyer, pg.29). The 19 th century Positivist School theorists were the first to look at the importance of looking at individual differences among criminals, they used predominately micro level analysis. Positivists Schools emphasized on deterministic causes of crime suggesting that people are passive send controlled, it further indicated that criminal behavior is imposed on people through biological and environmental conditions (Moyer, pg.30). Some of the important factors/causes of crime considered by Lombroso include: Race and crime; Lombroso suggested that race is an important factor in crime, he argues that the effect of race clearly can be seen in certain localities whose inhabitants differ ethnically from the surrounding population (Moyer 35). Density of population and crime; Lombroso believed that the larger the population the more crime acts are present than that of a more primitive society (Moyer 36). Alcoholism and crime; Lombroso believed that alcoholism is the only disease capable of causing criminality since drunkenness can inflame passion, can obscure the mental and moral facilities and destroys all senses of decency (Moyer 36).

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