APUSH ch 36.docx - Ch 36: American Zenith 1952-1963...

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Ch 36: American Zenith 1952-1963Eisenhower and the 1950sEisenhower: I Like IkeCold War divided globe between East (Communist/Soviets) & West(Capitalist/US)Domestically US divided over communist subversion (& spies) & civil rightsAfrican Americans call for equality under the lawNot just African Americans take part in civil rights movement: hispanicamericans, native americans, women, etc. have civil rights-esquemovements calling for equal treatment under the lawPeople don’t like change however, so that’s why ppl are upset about it,hence it becoming a big issue in the 1948 electionEisenhower in lead up to election is coveted as a potential candidatebc Eisenhower had no political experience (popular bc of WWII fame);no one would vote against him, so both wanted himEisenhower choses republican bc he had (economic)conservative fiscal backgroundDidn’t want to have a lot of change unless it made fiscal senseLooking back in a historical perspective, what does Eisenhowernot use his power to do?Assist the civil rights movementJudicial branch is only branch that helps movementHelped Little Rock 9 bc he felt bound to his duty (touphold the law aka w/ integrating schools)1952 ElectionRepublican Dwight Eisenhower:moderate Republican elected in 1950Hardcore anticommunistRichard Nixonwas VPIke was most popular American, though unknown politicsEisenhower left rough campaigning to NixonNixon accused of taking $ from campaign funds, made a“Checkers speech” that saved himOne of the first uses of television for political useCheckers is his dog, that he used for pathosNixon & Eisenhower use tv to spread message, but devalues the partyParty was primary way to get info, but television reduces thatMessage now controlled by candidates & what is being put overairwavesWouldn’t have put info on tv if it wasn’t making $Political messaging goes from telling you info to entertainingHispolitical moderatestance seen in acceptance of many New Dealprograms (ex. Social Security extended)Not interested in New/Fair Deal programs, wants balanced federal govt,but lets New Deal programs continue, not pushing huge domesticreformLargest public works project adopted:Interstate Highway Act(1956)$27 billion plan provided for building of 42,000 miles of interstatehighwaysJustified as necessary for national defenseEx. if nuke attack, ppl can flee easierImpact: createdjobs, growth of suburbs, morehomogenouscultureBenefits to industries, exacerbated air quality, & proved disastrous to
Ch 36: American Zenith 1952-1963Eisenhower and the 1950scities as suburbs grewRise & Fall of Joseph McCarthyJoe McCarthyMost anti-communist person in the countryHardcore tries to out communists/communist sympathizersClaimed hundreds of communists in the State DepartmentNever proved anythingStops ppl from wanting to learn Russian or Chinese

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Term
Fall
Professor
Zappile
Tags
US History, Cold War, APUSH, Dwight Eisenhower

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