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Running head: PAPER TITLE 1 Prenatally exposed Latoya Campbell Southern New Hampshire University
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Prenatally exposed 2 Literature Review In this paper, I have reviewed three studies looking at the effects of prenatal use of drugs and alcohol. The three studies looked at how drinking alcohol and or using drugs have long term effects on children. In the study “Focused and shifting attention in children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure”, the author makes the claims that heavy prenatal exposure to alcohol is associated with a range of negative outcomes, one of which is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The author also claims that that children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure have pervasive deficits in visual focused attention and deficits in maintaining auditory attention over time. The current study hypothesized that visual focused attention would be more impaired than auditory focused attention and that shifting of attention would be impaired in alcohol-exposed children. They used 40 children ranging in age from 9 to 14 whom were all born to mothers who had abused alcohol during pregnancy. The groups were also closely matched on the basis of age, sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. The children in the CON group were recruited from the community and were screened for teratogenic exposures, including alcohol, by interview and questionnaire. Mothers of these children reported little if any, alcohol use during pregnancy. In the study “A framework for addressing the needs of students prenatally exposed to alcohol and other drugs”, the author makes the claims that children exposed to drugs and alcohol are susceptible to a range of developmental problems that can have a negative impact on teaching and children learning later in life. The factors that influenced this study were, children that were exposed to drugs and or alcohol. Being exposed has a negative effect on the child developmentally. Lastly, the study “Reactivity and regulation in children prenatally exposed to cocaine”.
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  • Spring '16
  • Deb Eastwood
  • cocaine

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