托福学科和成对词.pdf -...

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地理 GEOGRAPHY geography 地理 geographer 地理学家 hemisphere 半球 meridian 子午线,经线 parallel 平行圈,纬线 latitude 纬度 longitude 经度 elevation 海拔 altitude 高度 horizon 地平线 equator 赤道 Arctic 北极 Antarctic(Antarctica) 南极 expedition 探险 navigation 航海 topography 地形,地形学 continent 大陆 continental shelf 大陆架 continental drift 大陆漂移 plain 平原 plateau (highland) 高地 lowland 低地 basin 盆地 cavern (cave) 洞穴 oasis (沙漠)绿洲 cleft (flaw) 裂缝 crevice (rift; slit) 裂缝 summit 山顶 range (山)脉 valley 峡谷 gorge 峡谷 canyon 峡谷 channel (strait) 海峡 marine maritime; oceanic 海的 tide 潮汐 ebb (away) 退潮 sea-floor spreading 海床扩 ocean bottom 海床 coastland 沿海地区 contour 轮廓;海岸线 continental island 大陆岛 volcanic island 火山岛 coral island 珊瑚岛 insular 海岛的 islet 小岛 peninsular 半岛 ledge 暗礁 remote-sensing 遥感的 terrain 地域 terrestrial 地球的,陆地的 terrestrial heat (geothermal) 地热 terrestrial magnetism (geomagnetism) 地磁 subterranean( underground) 地底下 evaporation 蒸发 salinity 含盐度 sediment 沉淀物,沉积物 tropics 热带地区 tropical 热带的 temperate 温带的 temperate latitudes 温带地 frigid 寒带的 frost heaving 冻胀现象 [ 编辑 ] 地质 geology 地质学 geologist 地质学家 crust 地壳 mantle 地幔 core 地核 continental crust 大陆地壳 oceanic crust 海洋地壳 layer (stratum, strata) plate 板块 fault 断层 fault plane 断层面 fault zone 断层带 rift (crack; split) 断裂 fossil 化石 petrify 石化,硬化 igneous rock 火成岩 sedimentary rock 沉积岩 metamorphic rock 变质岩 quartz 石英 limestone 石灰岩 marble 大理石 granite 花岗岩 lithogenous 岩成的 lithosphere 岩石圈 mineral 矿物 ore 矿石 deposit 矿床 platinum 白金,铂 silver copper 黄铜 aluminum tin lead zinc nickel mercury 汞,水银 sodium fieldstone 卵石 gem 宝石 diamond 钻石 emerald 绿宝石 ruby 红宝石 crystal 水晶 glacier 冰川 glacial 冰川的 glacial epoch ( age, period) 冰川期 glacial drift 冰渍 iceberg 冰山 volcano 火山 active volcano 活火山 extinct volcano 死火山 dormant volcano 休眠火山 eruption 火山喷发 crater 火山口 lava (magma) 火山岩浆 magma 岩浆 volcanic 火山的 volcanic dust 火山尘 volcanic ash 火山灰 earthquake ( quake; tremor; 托福学科词9页看熟悉即可 无需拼写 托福成对词19页必考 必须拼写
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seism) 地震 seismic 地震的 seismology 地震学 magnitude 震级 seismic wave 地震波 cataclysm 灾变 [ 编辑 ] 天文 ASTRONOMY 天文学 astronomy 天文学 astronomical 天文的 巨大 astronomical observatory 文台 astronomer 天文学家 astrophysics 天文物理学 astrology 占星学 pseudoscience 伪科学 infinite 无限的 vacuum 真空 cosmos(universe) 宇宙 cosmology 宇宙学
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