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Unformatted text preview: Fall 2003 Math 308/501502 3 Mathematical Models 3.3 Heating and Cooling [of Buildings] Wed, 17/Sep c 2003, Art Belmonte Summary Newtons Law of Cooling/Heating The rate of change d Q / dt of the temperature of an object is proportional to the difference between the temperature M ( t ) of the surrounding medium and the temperature Q (t) of the object itself; i.e., d Q / dt = K ( M- Q ) , where K is a proportionality constant. In applications of this law, M is often constant. Heating and Cooling of Buildings A general model is d Q dt = K ( M ( t )- Q ( t )) + H ( t ) + U ( t ) . M ( t ) is the temperature of the surrounding medium. Q ( t ) is the temperature inside the building. H ( t ) is the rate of increase in inside temperature due to people, lights, machines, etc. U ( t ) is the rate of increase/decrease in inside temperature due to heating/air conditioning, respectively. The reciprocal 1 / K is known as the time constant for the building. Note on nomenclature MATLAB on all platforms is case insensitive. That is, it internally regards T and t as different variables. The TI-89, like DOS or Windows, does not. Accordingly, I have chosen to use Q for T above, so as to pick something that will work on all platforms. (Of course, this is q on the 89.) Hand/MATLAB Examples 107/4 A red wine is brought up from the wine cellar, which is a cool 10 C, and then left to breathe in a room of temperature 23 C. If it takes 10 minutes for the wine to reach 15 C, when will the temperature of the wine reach 18 C and be ready to drink? Solution Let Q ( t ) be the temperature of the wine t minutes after being brought up from the cellar. Newtons Law gives d Q dt = K ( 23- Q ), Q ( ) = 10 ....
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course MATH 308 taught by Professor Comech during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.
- Spring '08
- Rate Of Change