Sociology Final Exam Review.docx

Sociology Final Exam Review.docx - Sociology Final Exam...

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Sociology Final Exam Review ***3 THEORY PERSPECTIVES*** CONFLICT THEORY: The sociological theory that focuses on dissent, coercion (persuading someone to do something), and antagonism (hostility/opposition) in society. ** struggle between groups within our society that leads to social disparities and social exclusion FUNCTIONALIST THEORY : The hypothesis that societies are complex systems whose parts work together to maintain cohesion and stability. **How societies maintain themselves by creating a certain order for those living with them . SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONIST THEORY: The sociological perspective that sees society as the product of symbols giving meaning by people in their interaction with each other . **How individuals understand themselves in relationship to society Family VOCABULARY/ READING NOTES* Cohabitation : Unrelated (unmarried) adults in an intimate relationship sharing living quarters Culture Wars : Disputes over the state of American society, including presumed decline of the family as well as the “family values” Marriage Movement: Social movement that advocates traditional marriage and warns against the sexual revolution, teenage pregnancy, and same-sex marriage Extended Family: Household composed of parents, children and other kin Kinship: social network of people based on common ancestry, marriage or adoption Household: All the related and unrelated people who share living quarters
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Family: Relationship in which people live together with commitment 1) form an economic unit 2) Care for young 3) Provides a group identity Marriage Dearth: The decline in the proportion of adult Americans who are married Marriage squeeze: The severely imbalanced sex ration experienced by black women in regard to potential marriage partners Marriage Market: An analogy to the labor market, where single individuals search for others who will marry them Serial Monogamy : A succession of short monogamous relationships Mate Selection : How do we chose to marry? 1) Endogamy: Practice of marrying with one’s social category or group 2 ) Exogamy: Practice of marrying outside one’s social category or group Assortative Marriage : Tendency of people to marry others in matching social categories ** Edin & Kefalas (Reading Homework) 1) How many babies are born unmarried mothers? 1/3 2) Why do these young women agree to have babies without marriage? Badge of honor (they are honored to have the male’s baby… they were chosen) 3) These young women report that these children “saved” them examples: Kids provide fulfillment, refocused them, stopped drug spending habits, the moms went out less 4) What is the economic state these women describe as wanting to achieve before marriage? They want a stable income and good finances 5) Compare Rick and Donny Rick: Her ex who is in jail and on drugs, she was 14 he was 20 when they were together Donny: Respectable man, her manager.
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  • Spring '17
  • Brita Andercheck
  • Sociology, Division of Labor, scientific study of crimes, Donny Rick

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