Sociology Study Guide.docx - Sociology Study Guide...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

Sociology Study Guide VOCABULARY Introduction/ Social interaction Social institutions: any set of persons, (family, government, economy) cooperating for the purpose of organizing stable patterns of human activity Cohort : within a population, a group of individuals of similar age who share a particular experience Demographic Factors : social characteristics of a population in particular those of race, age and gender Intersectionality: the ways in which several demographic factors combine to affect people’s experiences Sociology: the study of social behavior and human society Social problem: social condition, event or pattern of behavior that negatively affects the well-being of a significant number of people who believe the condition needs to be changed Social imagination: a form of self-consciousness that allows us to go beyond our immediate environments and understand the major structural transformations that have occurred and are occurring Empirical evidence: information acquired by observation or experiment Objective aspect: empirical conditions or facts that point to the concreteness of social problems “out there” Subjective aspect: the process by which people define social problems “in the mind” Social construction: social process by which people define a social problem into existence Social structure: the pattern of interrelated social institutions Social identity: A person’s sense of who they are based on their group members Status: Social status revolving around characteristics (education, prestige, religion) Roles: behaviors associated with particular statuses Role conflict: incompatible demands from a MUTLIPLE statuses Role strain: incompatible demands from a SINGLE status Role Exit: disengagement from social roles Norms: social rules Sanctions: reward for appropriate behavior or penalties for inappropriate behaviors o Formal: murder o Informal: talking in the library Social scripts: norm of conversing Socialization: how we learn what we do, the process of social interaction through which people learn their culture and develop a self-identity Agents of socialization: persons, group or institutions o Family o School
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

o Peer groups o Religion o Mass media Resocialization: process by which old norms and behaviors are replaced with new ones Self-Concept: beliefs of who we think we are/ how we feel Looking glass self:
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Spring '17
  • Brita Andercheck
  • Sociology,  Roles

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern