Ethics Review.docx - Overcoming Spirals of Silence and Forming Deliberative What is our working definition of a “Deliberate Community?” Deliberative

Ethics Review.docx - Overcoming Spirals of Silence and...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 21 pages.

Overcoming Spirals of Silence and Forming Deliberative What is our working definition of a “Deliberate Community?” Deliberative community: group of 2+ people who discuss decision making in order to secure a good What conditions does this definition assume? ASSUMES: we can overcome spirals of silences, Unlikely friendships What does the “spiral of silence” research show? Spiral of Silences: individuals perceive that their view is in the MINORITY or will feel pressured to be silent - people isolate themselves Dominant views more willing to express them More vocalized views gain legitimacy in mass discourse Relationship between those who hold similar opinions and those willing to express them Spiral of Silences & Social Media Facebook and twitter users less likely to share opinions in many face-to-face settings True if followers disagree with viewpoint Unlikely Friendships and Achieving Disagreement What is “achieving disagreement” and how is it related to “achieving reasonable agreement”? Achieving Disagreement Disingenuous (False) Disagreement- we dismiss the other person or block genuine engagement so that we do not have sufficient understanding to “disagree” Genuine Disagreement- stop debating and start trying to understand so that you are really clear about the points of disagreement Requires civility: respect and compassion for ourselves and other people Requires doubt: believing you may not be right even when your position is tightly held If I don’t have doubt, i don’t need you, I don’t need a relationship with you--I will be nice to you even if I dismiss you--wrong headed because we need other people on many levels It’s more realistic to recognize that you don’t have the “full truth” of the matter, so you need other people, over time, to “fill-in” the missing portions Implication: to achieve (genuine) disagreement you should become friends with people who don’t agree with you We need to find areas of agreement (common ground) in order to find points where we disagree
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

We should be able to express doubt without being viewed as weak We should be able to change our minds We should be able to break spirals of silence without worrying that the people who disagree with us will dismiss us---anticipate friendships instead Considering Relativism Cultural Relativism: An action is morally right if your culture approves of it Subjective Relativism: An action is right if you approve of it Assumes: When deliberating a moral decision, each person is incapable of being in error, Each person is morally infallible Our experience shows us that people are not morally infallible. We sometimes mistaken our moral judgement--we correct our mistakes Argument for Cultural Relativism People’s judgments about right and wrong differ from culture to culture If people’s judgments about right and wrong differ from culture to culture, then
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Spring '19
  • Striblen
  • Ethics

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes