ethics and social 6.docx - 1 Running head UNETHICAL DILEMMA Is Mass Incarceration and the Prison Industrial Complex an Overpriced Racist Machine Michael

ethics and social 6.docx - 1 Running head UNETHICAL DILEMMA...

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1 Running head: UNETHICAL DILEMMA Is Mass Incarceration and the Prison Industrial Complex an Overpriced Racist Machine? Michael Burgess SOC120: Introduction to Ethics & Social Responsibility Professor Tiffani Davis June 10, 2018
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UNETHICAL DILEMMA 2 Is Mass Incarceration and the Prison Industrial Complex an Overpriced Racist Machine? Every time I search “Mass incarceration and the prison industrial complex,” the two most common things that come up are race and taxes. So, the question that I have does mass incarceration have something to do with race and are these private prison organizations making money on this unethical dilemma? Prison industrial complex (PIC) is the political influence of private prison companies and businesses that supply goods to government prison agencies. The key words to look at are “political influence,” this means politicians gain from this action. Mass incarceration is a term used to describe the substantial increase in the number of incarcerated people in the United States. The United States prison system is the biggest in the world, which is used to house millions of so-called criminals. Is this system racially bias? “Racial minorities are more likely than white Americans to be arrested; once arrested, they are more likely to be convicted; and once convicted, they are more likely to face stiff sentences. African-American males are six times more likely to be incarcerated than white males and 2.5 times more likely than Hispanic males (Foston, 2016).” Mass incarceration and PIC is an unethical act because of its use of purposely filling and building prisons and keeping lower income and minorities in the system to make a profit. In the following paragraphs, I will prove that Mass incarceration and the prison industrial complex has become an unethical, unmoral waste of money and racially driven. There was a big jump in people incarcerated in the 1980’s, that was a direct result of President Regan’s war on drugs. “The administration launched a law enforcement strategy that resulted in an exponential increase in federal prisoners and unprecedented racial disparities in the prison population” (Davis A., 2016). People that were low level offenders were given a maximum mandatory sentence, resulting in long prison terms for first time offenders. The drug of choice in the 1980’s was crack cocaine, a drug found prominently in low-income and minority
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UNETHICAL DILEMMA 3 communities. This lead to more and more low-income and minorities getting locked up for prolonged periods of time. States were made to have harsh penalties on any drug possession,
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