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MyKisha D Rush 01/18/2019 Juvenile Corrections Grambling State University Reading Assignment #1 Chapter 1 and 2 Assignment Type: Canvas Due Date: February 3, 2019 Points Possible: 50 Project Duration: 6-8 hrs. Deliverable Length: 4 pages 1. Explain the concept of parens patriae. Parens patriae is a concept in the law which is invoked by the state when it needs to act in the role of a parent to a citizen. Translated, the term means “parent of the nation,” and it has its roots in English common law. The idea behind parens patriae is that sometimes citizens are in need of someone who can act as a parent to make decisions and take other actions, and sometimes the state is best qualified to take on this role, usually in a temporary capacity. This is commonly seen in cases where children are removed from their parents or guardians in response to concerns about neglect and abuse. The people who legally have parenting rights have these rights temporarily suspended in the interests of the child, and the state becomes the guardian while a solution is reached. Historically, such children were fostered and adopted out, although some governments have taken on a more rehabilitation-oriented stance to such situations, reuniting children with their parents whenever it is possible. Children are not the only people on whose behalf the
MyKisha D Rush 01/18/2019 Juvenile Corrections Grambling State University state can intervene. People who are judged mentally incompetent may also be subject to parens patriae, even if they are adults. This includes people with certain mental illnesses, intellectual disabilities, and developmental disabilities. Elderly adults who have dementia

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