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MyKisha D Rush01/18/2019Juvenile CorrectionsGrambling State UniversityReading Assignment #1Chapter 1 and 2Assignment Type: CanvasDue Date: February 3, 2019Points Possible: 50Project Duration: 6-8 hrs.Deliverable Length: 4 pages1.Explain the concept of parens patriae.Parens patriae is a concept in the law which is invoked by the state when it needs to act inthe role of a parent to a citizen. Translated, the term means “parent of the nation,” and ithas its roots in English common law. The idea behind parens patriae is that sometimescitizens are in need of someone who can act as a parent to make decisions and take otheractions, and sometimes the state is best qualified to take on this role, usually in atemporary capacity. This is commonly seen in cases where children are removed fromtheir parents or guardians in response to concerns about neglect and abuse. The peoplewho legally have parenting rights have these rights temporarily suspended in the interestsof the child, and the state becomes the guardian while a solution is reached. Historically,such children were fostered and adopted out, although some governments have taken on amore rehabilitation-oriented stance to such situations, reuniting children with theirparents whenever it is possible. Children are not the only people on whose behalf the
MyKisha D Rush01/18/2019Juvenile CorrectionsGrambling State Universitystate can intervene. People who are judged mentally incompetent may also be subject toparens patriae, even if they are adults. This includes people with certain mental illnesses,intellectual disabilities, and developmental disabilities. Elderly adults who have dementia