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Oversigt - Midterm - 1." relationships, 2.

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272 Introduction to Interpersonal Communication Definitions of Interpersonal Communication 1.Interpersonal Communication is “the process through which people create and manage their relationships, exercising mutual responsibility in creating meaning” 2.Interpersonal communication is “the communication that takes place between two persons who have an established relationship; the people are in some way ‘connected’” 3.Interpersonal communication is “dyadic communication in which two individuals, sharing the roles of sender and receiver, become connected through the mutual activity of creating meaning” Interpersonal Communication Contextual Factors •Historical •Cultural •Technological •Relational / Social •Physical •Psychological Axioms of Communication Impossibility of not communicating Content and relationship of communication Punctuation of the sequence of events Digital & analogue communication Symmetrical & complementary interaction Spitzberg’s Communication Competence •Def: the perception of a person’s ability to communicate in a personally effective and socially appropriate manner •Competence depends on 3 factors Action Assembly Theory Performative competence Process competence 5 Kinds of Competence 1.Interpretive 2.Goal 3.Role 4.Self 5.Message (verbal + nonverbal + relational) Each influences performative competence.
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Perception Self Perception The Self =Self‐Concept (knowledge component) + Self‐Esteem (evaluative component) Self Concept Real Self = one's idea of what one really is Ideal Self = a realistic image of what one would like to be Differences between these lead to self‐concept discrepancies Self Esteem Inner self‐esteem: global, consistent, & resistant to change vs. Outer self‐esteem: situational, temporary, & variable Self Esteem and Communication Self‐esteem influences interpersonal communication preferences People with higher self‐esteem tend to communicate with confidence People with lower self‐esteem tend to communicate tentatively and self‐consciously. Uncertainty Reduction Theory People have a tendency to want to reduce uncertainty in IP interactions Seek out info 3 levels of prediction: cultural, sociological, psychological Perception Problems Implicit Personality Theory a. Halo effect b. Selective perception Attribution Theory Dispositional vs. situational attributions Self Others Positive behavior dispositional situational Negative behavior situational dispositional Festinger’s Cognitive Dissonance Theory People prefer states of consistency When two or more elements are dissonant, the person will act to reduce dissonance by changing cognitions Impression Mannagement Goffmann’s Definitions Interaction / encounter Performance Part / routine Social relationship Social role Goffmann’s Key Terms Front o Setting o Appearance o Manner Dramatic Realization
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Idealization
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  • Spring '08
  • humphreys
  • Persuasion Low Persuasion, Low Relevance Persuasion, ·Physical ·Psychological AxiomsofCommunication, Symmetrical&complementaryinteraction Spitzberg'sCommunicationCompetence ·Def, theperceptionofaperson'sabilitytocommunicateinapersonallyeffectiveandsocially appropriatemanner ·Competencedependson3factors

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