Precis - Prcis Running Head: Prcis Peter N. R. Vennestrm...

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Précis Running Head: Précis Peter N. R. Vennestrøm March 4 2008 Comm Arts 272 / section 306
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By looking at evolutionary criteria for mate selection the authors of the article (Benz et al., 2005) predict that women, because they have more to loose during mating selection, will be more wary of male deception and because of competition from other women they will also be more wary of female deception than men. This is an extension to what has earlier been described in evolution theory about deception (Benz 2005). It was expected that men are most likely to deceive about financial status and commitment whereas women are most likely to deceive about physical attractiveness and health, which are all factors that positively support evolution theory. In order to support the postulation a survey of deception techniques was completed by 30 men and 62 women. Also, it was investigated if men and women had congruent views on what each sex were most likely to be deceptive about. The survey was conducted on 92 undergraduate students, who all participated in order to get extra credit for an introductory psychology class. The age of the participants ranged from 18 to 41 with an average of 21. Two questionnaires were given to the students each adapted to the special sex. The questions were arranged into two categories of forced choice questions and scaled questions, where the outcome was analyzed and variance was taken into account. The main question and theme of the questionnaire was how men and women deceive in dating situations and what they each expect. From evolution theory there are some factors from each sex that are preferred. For women this is physical attraction and health whereas for men it is social status, financial surplus and commitment. These are factors that in our society are favored in order to
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create the best underlying basis for future offspring. The survey showed general support for this prediction. As described above; because women have more to loose in a dating situation i.e. making wrong decisions can cause unwanted delays of nine months or more, the result did not support the prediction that women assume more deception from other women than men do from other men. Deception usually works best when the opposite sex is not aware of the methods used for deception, and the survey also showed that the people are aware of the types of deception the other sex uses. Overall men and women both know that the other sex is deceptive about these values, however, they only agree on what men are most likely to lie about and not what women lie about. This is primarily due to the fact that women devalue workout goals because they see it as not being a sign of health, whereas as a product of society men see workout goals in the perspective of workout videos from music videos etc, where beautiful women show off. Therefore it has a different value for each sex and therefore they expect the other sex to deceive about it in different ways. The most significant contribution this article gives, is the fact that both men and women
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course COM ARTS 272 taught by Professor Humphreys during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Precis - Prcis Running Head: Prcis Peter N. R. Vennestrm...

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