BIBL 364.docx WEEK 1 .docx

BIBL 364.docx WEEK 1 .docx - 1 BIBL 364-B03 MODULE 1 GER:PP...

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1 BIBL 364-B03 MODULE 1 GER:PP 1-34 Background of Acts Luke continues to perform an inestimable service for contemporary believers by unveiling the historical, social, cultural, political and religious milieu of the first three decades of church history. Acts is, at its most basic, a book of history... Acts is the singularly most earthy and accessible book in the entire New Testament Acts provides the necessary context for the New Testament and is the connecting bridge that links this collection of gospels, epistles and apocalypse together. Acts is, essentially, our story . It is your legacy and mine. It is the record of our brothers and sisters who came before us, blazing a revolutionary, messianic trail from Jerusalem to "the ends of the earth." Authorship of Acts First, the same individual wrote Acts who penned the Gospel of Luke. The prologues of both books are linked to one another (Acts 1:1 refers back to Luke 1:1-4) and both prologues designate the same person, Theophilus, as the book’s intended recipient. Second, Acts was written by one of Paul’s traveling companions, as is evidenced by the famous "we" passages (16:10-17; 20:5-15; 21:1-18; 27:1- 28:16) Aside from Luke, Acts notes another eight companions: Silas, Timothy, Sopater, Aristarchus, Secundus, Gaius, Tychicus, and Trophimus. Third, it is an indisputable fact that Luke, as an eyewitness and participant, demonstrates exceptional familiarity with Roman law and government. He is unfailingly accurate in his use of the proper political terminology for each Roman official in every Roman province he mentions. This is no small accomplishment, as titles, offices and terminology frequently shifted from time to time, province to province and, often, from one administration to another Luke the Man Based upon Luke’s literary skill and vocabulary usage, there is no question that he was extremely well educated. It comes then as no surprise that Paul identifies Luke as a "beloved physician" (Col. 4:14). In the realm of the Roman Empire, there were only three major medical schools where Luke may have studied. The three celebrated university towns of the ancient world were Athens (in Greece), Alexandria (in Egypt) and Tarsus (in Asia Minor, specifically, Cilicia, Paul’s hometown). (A fourth possibility is the small Greek isle of Cos, which had both hospital and medical school.) [ THERE IS AN ONGOING DEBATE OVER WHETHER OR NOT LUKE WAS JEWISH
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2 First , beneath the surface of Luke’s superb mastery of Greek literary style, there are indications that, while the author wrote in Greek, he might have been thinking in Hebrew. This is indicted by the presence of Hebraisms (Hebrew word order, phrases and terminology) scattered throughout the Greek text. Second , Luke’s exquisite knowledge of Jewish theological issues and sectarian parties, familiarity with the Temple, acquaintance with Jewish holidays and marked concern for Jerusalem go beyond that of merely a historian’s reporting of the facts. It is difficult to explain Luke’s Jewish expertise and concern by simply citing the two years he spent in
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