Induced versus Autonomous Behaviour in Regional Development.pdf - Induced versus Autonomous Behaviour in Regional Development \u2013 A Process Model for

Induced versus Autonomous Behaviour in Regional Development.pdf

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Induced versus Autonomous Behaviour in Regional Development – A Process Model for Regional Strategy Formation Thorsten Wiechmann 1 Induced versus Autonomous Behaviour in Regional Development – A Process Model for Regional Strategy Formation Thorsten Wiechmann Leibniz Institute of Ecological and Regional Development, [email protected] Phone +49-351-4679261 / Fax +49-351-4679212 Keywords : Strategic Planning; Strategy Formation; Emergent Strategies; Regional Development; Incrementalism; Induced Behaviour; Autonomous Behaviour; Process Model. Abstract Debates on strategic planning reflect the old controversy between rationalists and incrementalists about the benefits of comprehensive plans in uncertain environments. From a rationalistic point of view planning focuses on inducing stakeholders to act in accordance with the ‘plan’. However, in complex societal systems such as regions the potential to control the environment is rather limited. Hence it is in addition crucial to influence the autonomous behaviour of innumerable stakeholders. This includes all activities and interactions that are not directly caused or motivated by a plan, but that are nonetheless relevant for the realisation of the fundamental objectives of a region. Here, communicative planning approaches targeted towards mutual learning and the development of a common frame of reference seem to be more adequate. In this paper a new process model for regional strategy formation is designed. It encompasses not only intended but also realised strategies. Both, the perspective of the rationalists, that see strategy development as an intended course of action, and the perspective of the incrementalists, in which the realised course of action determines strategy development, are considered. Therewith the process model combines the two basic understandings of ‘strategy’: the formulated strategy as a product of intentional planning (strategy as plan) and the realised strategy as a product of both induced and emergent strategy formation (strategy as pattern). 1. Introduction In the 1980ies and 1990ies the widely accepted ‚turn to projects’ in the practice of spatial planning in Europe led to incremental and fragmented approaches in urban and regional development policies. Only recently, spatial planning is rediscovered as a strategic process (Wiechmann 2006). The drawbacks of project-based planning provoked an increasing interest in strategic planning approaches and a debate on the revival of strategic spatial planning (Salet & Faludi 2000, Albrechts et al. 2003, Hutter 2006). The ‚turn to strategy’ (Healey 2007: 183) is a response to the shortcomings of incremental planning by projects. Unlike the traditional spatial planning, that was based on the simplifying assumption that when a strategy is articulated and approved, it will be easily
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Induced versus Autonomous Behaviour in Regional Development – A Process Model for Regional Strategy Formation Thorsten Wiechmann 2
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