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5. a.) Second Demographic transition -Weakening of marriage because of high divorce rates, rise in cohabitation; increase in divorce -Feminism idea -- women feel like they are able to Sample Question #2: -England and Ronen (“Hooking Up and Casual Sex”) and Stacey (“Cruising to Familyland”) discuss potential paths to relationship formation for heterosexuals and gay men, respectively. -England and Ronen -- hookups can lead to relationships with both heterosexuals and gay men - Compare and contrast the ways that heterosexuals and gay men hook up. -Similarity: presence of power inequality -Young good looking girls and gay boys might marry older rich men -Religious groups in both worlds are against hooking up culture i.Common stigma around hooking up regardless of whether you are gay or straight -Double standard i.Women that hook up are looked at as whores ii.Gay men it is considered an “icebreaker” -Men’s sexual pleasure is prioritized over women’s i.This is not the case in gay couples -Women prefer hookups that have gone awry rather than a bad relationships For each group, how does hooking up have the potential to lead to deeper couple and family relationships, or not? -Some women tend to not develop deeper relationships because it acts as a barrier to self-development. -Only small proportion in hookups lead to actual relationships -Gay men -- acts as an icebreaker at first and then develops into emotional intimacy -Ex: Henry and Ozzie’s reading, there was a couple that started hooking up at first, which eventually led to a an 8 year relationship -This is quite common in the gay world -Coercive behaviors deter women from developing deeper intimate relationships because they tend to emphasize stability in a relationship -Similar bc a lot of relationships come from hooking up -Socioeconomic differences within people gives -Higher education employ more contraceptive methods
-Stacey discusses the hypergamy specific to gay men, contrast to england and ronen article -Looking at case studies particular to gay men Sample Question #3: -What is the “Good Dads/Bad Dads” syndrome that Furstenberg (1988) describes regarding trends in the behavior of fathers in families? -Good Dads -- emotionally in tune with their children -Bad Dads -- are absent -Avoid parental obligations-How has fatherhood changed over time? -Colonial fathers -- responsible for child-rearing -Agrarian industry -Also take care of children at the same time -After industrialization, fathers had to go out to work which made mothers have to take care of the children -Women’s participation in labor force has increased -