SOC 169 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE.pdf - 5 a Second Demographic...

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5. a.) Second Demographic transition - Weakening of marriage because of high divorce rates, rise in cohabitation; increase in divorce - Feminism idea -- women feel like they are able to Sample Question #2: - England and Ronen (“Hooking Up and Casual Sex”) and Stacey (“Cruising to Familyland”) discuss potential paths to relationship formation for heterosexuals and gay men, respectively. - England and Ronen -- hookups can lead to relationships with both heterosexuals and gay men - Compare and contrast the ways that heterosexuals and gay men hook up. - Similarity: presence of power inequality - Young good looking girls and gay boys might marry older rich men - Religious groups in both worlds are against hooking up culture i. Common stigma around hooking up regardless of whether you are gay or straight - Double standard i. Women that hook up are looked at as whores ii. Gay men it is considered an “icebreaker” - Men’s sexual pleasure is prioritized over women’s i. This is not the case in gay couples - Women prefer hookups that have gone awry rather than a bad relationships For each group, how does hooking up have the potential to lead to deeper couple and family relationships, or not? - Some women tend to not develop deeper relationships because it acts as a barrier to self-development. - Only small proportion in hookups lead to actual relationships - Gay men -- acts as an icebreaker at first and then develops into emotional intimacy - Ex: Henry and Ozzie’s reading, there was a couple that started hooking up at first, which eventually led to a an 8 year relationship - This is quite common in the gay world - Coercive behaviors deter women from developing deeper intimate relationships because they tend to emphasize stability in a relationship - Similar bc a lot of relationships come from hooking up - Socioeconomic differences within people gives - Higher education employ more contraceptive methods
- Stacey discusses the hypergamy specific to gay men, contrast to england and ronen article - Looking at case studies particular to gay men Sample Question #3: - What is the “Good Dads/Bad Dads” syndrome that Furstenberg (1988) describes regarding trends in the behavior of fathers in families? - Good Dads -- emotionally in tune with their children - Bad Dads -- are absent - Avoid parental obligations - How has fatherhood changed over time? - Colonial fathers -- responsible for child-rearing - Agrarian industry - Also take care of children at the same time - After industrialization, fathers had to go out to work which made mothers have to take care of the children - Women’s participation in labor force has increased -

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