Study Guide for Lectures

Study Guide for Lectures - Congress Local orientation All...

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Congress 04/12/2007 14:50:00 Local orientation All the congress members are elected locally Paradox of Congress Congress are elected to work on national interest but they cannot abandon  the local interest because they cannot abandon the roots Pork barrel spending government spending that is intended to benefit constituents of a politician in  return for their political support, either in the form of campaign contributions or  votes. Constituency service is representatives helping their constituents handle problems that can be best  handled by a representative getting involved. Members of the U.S. Congress  (both Representatives and Senators) working in Washington, D.C. have a  governmentally staffed district office to aid in constituent service. The budget President presents plan (February) o Congress pass non-binding (April 15 th ) o Budget broken into committees (13 bills) o Each individual bill has to be passed (September 30 th ) Spending (Mandatory) – Medicare/social security highest o Number’s going to skyrocket 40% of the budget
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Defense budget is 20% (discretionary) Non-defense is 19% (Agriculture, education, etc…) Social Welfare Programs are about 13 to 19% Interest on Debt are about 89% o Revenue Taxes (Income): 40% Taxes (Payroll): 31% Corporate Income Tax: 13% Bonds/Borrowing: 10% Other: 4% Exercise Tax: 3% Committees (what they do, why Congress relies on committees, what committee  does the House have that the Senate doesn’t have?) What they do o handles a specific duty o Committee membership enables members to develop specialized  knowledge of the matters under their jurisdiction. Difference in House committees and Senate committees o Size o House Rule Committee Necessity o Keeps order in congress by assigning specific duties
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o Decides length of debates and how it’s debated House Leaders and their powers Speaker (Nancy Pelosi) o Only constitutional position o Elected by majority party o Assigns bills to committees o Interprets House rules Majority Leader (Steny Hoyer) o Schedules legislation for floor consideration o Planning the daily, weekly, and annual legislative agendas o Consulting with Members to gauge party sentiment; and, in general,  working to advance the goals of the majority party. Majority Whip (James Clyburn) o Coordinate ideas on and garner support for proposed legislation Minority Leader (John Boehrer) o Serves as floor leader of the opposition party, and is the minority  counterpart to the Majority Leader Senate Leaders and their powers President (Vice President) o Holds the tie-breaking vote President Pro Tempore (Robert Byrd)
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course HIST 1100 taught by Professor Horner during the Fall '07 term at Missouri (Mizzou).

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Study Guide for Lectures - Congress Local orientation All...

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