Chapter 10 Section 3.pdf - The Colonists\u2019 Victory and Its Impact After the Battle of Guilford Courthouse Cornwallis first went to Wilmington and then

Chapter 10 Section 3.pdf - The Colonists’ Victory and Its...

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The Colonists’ Victory and Its Impact After the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, Cornwallis first went to Wilmington and then north to Yorktown. There he set up camp on a narrow peninsula in Chesapeake Bay and waited for British ships to bring soldiers and supplies. The Battle of Yorktown ● Cornwallis prepared camp from an inland attack and figured British ships would prevent attack from sea. (He had fallen into a trap set by Americans). ● While Cornwallis prepared for battle at Yorktown, an army of 7000 French troops joined the American army in NY. These two armies marched to Virginia. American and French soldiers closed the land route off the Yorktown peninsula, trapping Cornwallis by land. ● At the same time a fleet of more than 20 French ships sailed to Chesapeake Bay and blocked the entrance (blockade). Cornwallis was now cut off by sea. ● The Americans and French attacked the British. Cornwallis surrendered to the Americans on October 19, 1781. Many English soldiers put down their guns. During the formal ceremony the British walked between two lines of American and French soldiers. After the Battle of Yorktown ● After the surrender the fighting did not stop in the South. Nathanael
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Greene had to force the British out of Georgia and South Carolina.
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