BIOL 1023Final Exam (Comprehensive): 150 ptsSpring, 2018Study guide (Total 75 questions)Chapter 17: Life on Earth 1.Radioactive dating: uranium decays to what element? How old is earth?2.What did Miller and Urey conclude from their simulation experiment in the lab?3.What is phylogeny? What does it tell?Chapter 18: Prokaryotic Diversity1.What is extremophiles? Members of which domain are referred to as extremophiles?2.Know the all the differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.3.What is autotroph? Which autotroph was responsible for oxygenating the atmosphere?Chapter 19: Eukaryotic Diversity1.Which organisms are classified as eukaryotes? Know the names of all.2.Plants evolved from algae and then went through several adaptations. Know the adaptations from earliest to most recent that gave rise to the several plant groups that helped plants adapt to different terrestrial environment.3.Know the animal adaptations in order from earliest to most recent that are used to classify animals into phyla.4.Insects belong to which phyla? What are its distinguished characteristics5.What are fungi? What ecological role does it plat in terrestrial ecosystem?Chapter 20:Human Evolution1.What are some phenotypic and genotypic examples of variations in human indicating that human is also experiencing evolution and natural selection such as skin color variation and sun light exposure, sickle cell and malaria, lactose tolerance abd cattle farming, CF allele and cholera etc.