What is an organization?1) A set of social relationships that are closed or limit the admission of outsiders.2) It has some goal and its members share that goal.3) Members of the organization cooperate in some form to achieve that goal.
What is an institution?1)Sets of rules, laws, customs, or understandings …2)… that shape social interaction in persistent, reproducible, patterned ways ...3)… because departures from the pattern are counteracted by routine and sanction …4)… unless something comes along to transform the institution!
These are ALLinstitutions.•Marriage•Sororities & Fraternities•Legal contracts•Dollar bills•Handshakes•Insurance•Armies•Academic Tenure•Sexism•The Weekend•Attending College•Corporations•Motels•Voting
Organizations and InstitutionsInstitutionsOrganizations
InstitutionsOrganizations and InstitutionsMarriageSexismLegal ContractsDollar BIllsThe WeekendAttending CollegeAcademic Tenure The PresidencyHandshakesInsuranceVotingNew Startup FirmsArmiesSororitiesCorporations MotelsThe Sierra Club
Why study the world from the perspective of organizations?
Max WeberFormal organizations are governed by BUREAUCRATIC authority.Bureaucracy is a distinctly MODERN phenomenon.So, to understand organizations today, we must understand the distinction between modern and “traditional” societies.
Traditional Society: Communal InstitutionsCommunal institutions: groups people belong to by right of birth or custom.The Feudal System The Family(extended kinship network)
Traditional Society: Other Communal InstitutionsTownsGuildsThe Church
Clubs,Teams, etc.SchoolsModern Society:The Primacy of Associative InstitutionsAssociative institutions: groups people belong to achieve some common goal.States &CitiesFirmsSocial MovementsChurchesThe Nation-State
Communal InstitutionsAssociative InstitutionsFrom Traditional to Modern Society
From Traditional to Modern SocietyThe FamilyClubs,Teams, etc.SchoolsSocial Movements
Guild 1Guild 2Guild 3Firm 12Firm 11Firm 9Firm 8Firm 7Firm 5Firm 3Firm 1Firm 2Firm 4Firm 6Firm 10From Traditional to Modern Society
Organizations are the key building blocks of modern society
Organizations are EVERYWHEREDo you ever watch television?Do you ever buy music or get music for free from some online source?Do you ever watch movies?Do you ever read books for pleasure?Do you play PC, console, or online games?