Philosophy exam 1.docx - 1 Jenny Cadenas Professor Reyes...

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1Jenny CadenasProfessor ReyesSeptember 1, 2018Phil 102A: EXAM #1 – FALL 2018Ethics and aesthetics are both values that are referred to with axiology which studies value. When it comes to the study area of ethics (or moral), the questions that are asked are what makes someone good or bad? What makes any act right or wrong? With ethics it is looking at what can be justified and how can we define the good and bad from things and from people. Aesthetics is on the opposite end of ethics, with aesthetics the art and beauty of people and thingsis what is looked at. Questions like what makes art and someone beautiful? When looking at the aesthetics (or philosophy of art) we look at the beauty of things and what makes them that way tous. Being a rationalist and an empiricist are similar yet they do have their differences which are fairly simple to tell apart from. When a philosopher is considered a rationalist it means that basedon their knowledge the things one knows will be based on the truths that are independent of their sense experience. Also their mind and reasoning is not like a blank slate it is more of a slate full of ideas and thoughts. Rationalist have ideas that come from truths and facts and not from sense experience. An empiricist has knowledge like a rationalist except that it is restricted to just sense experience. The mind of an empiricist is the opposite of a rationalist, their mind is like a blank slate which means that the ideas they have now are gained from sense experience and do not have innate ideas. To an empiricist anything that is not from sense experience or beyond that is considered unknowable. Metaphysics looks into what is reality and a philosopher shows their theory of reality. The question of what is reality can be asked and looked at many ways such as what makes us human? Or is this world real? What makes an object such as a TV, a TV? Or a
2bigger question like is god real? These are some of the many ways that philosophers question

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