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Running head: ANNOTATED BIBIOGRAPHY 1 Rehabilitation vs Punishment in the Criminal Justice System Annotated Bibliography Shauna Frierson Crime and Criminal Behavior- CRJ 105- Professor Winborne May 14th, 2017
ANNOTATED BIBIOGRAPHY 2 Rehabilitation vs Punishment in the Criminal Justice System Annotated Bibliography Benson, E. (2003, July). Rehabilitate or punish? Retrieved from monitor/julaug03/rehab.aspx This source of research come from the American Psychological Association. Through the years, the concept of rehabilitation has taken a back seat to punishment. Because of this, a rise in incarceration has occurred. Research done with the APA, with information provided from the Department of Justice, showed that 15-20 percent of prisoners incarcerated suffer from mental illness (Benson, 2003). Due to the birth of psychological drugs and community health movements around the 1960s, the number of patients in mental health facilities declined. However, many of those patients who were no longer in mental health facilities found themselves in the criminal justice system. Psychologists continue to research the psychological effects of incarnation in hopes of bringing light to the importance of rehabilitation versus punishment. Experiments such as the infamous “Stanford Prison Experiment” show how prison environments can initiate depression and/or devious behaviors, from psychologically healthy individuals. Research conducted by Craig Haney, PhD, a psychologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, shows that inmates who are serving time in super-maximum facilities have extremely high anxiety and other negative feelings (Benson, 2003). Without rehabilitation or time to properly address those feelings, they are released back into the public, having gained no skills while incarnated and psychologically damaged.
ANNOTATED BIBIOGRAPHY 3 In the Public Interest. (2016, June). How private prison companies increase recidivism. Retrieved from - Recidivism ResearchBrief-June2016.pdf This research brief, provided by In The Public Interest, aims to show the connection between the private prison industry and recidivism rates. The research has several key points. A study done of over 3,000 inmates between 2007 and 2009 showed that inmates who are imprisoned in private prisons have a 13% higher chance of being rearrested and a 22% higher chance of being reconvicted. According to that study state prisons “offered a greater variety of programming,

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