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Unformatted text preview: Business Ethics © Jose A. Cruz-Cruz, William Frey This work is licensed under a Creative Commons-ShareAlike 4.0 International License Original source: Connexions, Rice University, Houston, Texas Contents Chapter 1 Ethical Leadership ........................................................................................1 1.1 Theory Building Activities: Mountain Terrorist Exercise ...............................................1 1.1.1 Module Introduction ..............................................................................................1 1.1.2 Moral Theories Highlighted ...................................................................................1 1.1.3 Mountain Terrorist Scenario .................................................................................2 1.1.3.1 Activity 1.1 .....................................................................................................3 1.1.3.2 Activity 1.2 .....................................................................................................3 1.1.4 Taxonomy of Ethical Approaches..........................................................................3 1.1.5 Comments on the Relation Between Ethical Approaches .................................5 1.1.6 Module Wrap-Up ....................................................................................................6 1.2 Theory-Building Activities: Virtue Ethics .........................................................................7 1.2.1 Module Introduction ..............................................................................................7 1.2.2 Three Versions of Virtue Ethics: Virtue 1, Virtue 2, and Virtue 3 .......................8 1.2.3 Virtue 1: Aristotle's Virtue Ethics ...........................................................................8 1.2.4 Virtue 2 ..................................................................................................................10 1.2.5 Virtue 3 ..................................................................................................................11 1.2.6 Flow Experiences ..................................................................................................12 1.2.7 Virtue Tables ..........................................................................................................12 1.2.8 Exercise 1.1 : Construct Virtue Tables for Professional Virtues ......................13 1.2.9 Exercise 1.2 Reflect on these Concluding Issues ..............................................14 1.2.10 Presentation on Virtue Ethics ...........................................................................15 1.2.10.1 Why Study Virtue Ethics? ........................................................................15 1.2.10.2 Three Definitions .....................................................................................15 1.2.10.3 Virtues and Practices ..............................................................................16 1.2.10.4 IV. Developing Virtues for Practices ......................................................16 1.2.11 Resources ............................................................................................................17 1.3 Moral Exemplars in Business and Professional Ethics ................................................17 1.3.1 Module Introduction ............................................................................................17 1.3.2 Exercise 1: Choose a moral exemplar ................................................................18 1.3.3 Moral Exemplars ...................................................................................................18 1.3.4 Exercise Two: Moral Exemplar Profiles ..............................................................19 1.3.5 Exercise Three .......................................................................................................19 1.3.6 Textbox: Two different Types of Moral Exemplar ............................................20 1.3.7 What Makes a Moral Exemplar? PRIMES Explained .........................................20 1.3.8 Presentation on Moral Exemplars ......................................................................23 1.3.9 Bibliography ..........................................................................................................24 1.4 Ethics of Teamwork .........................................................................................................24 1.4.1 Module Introduction ............................................................................................24 1.4.2 Module Activities ..................................................................................................25 1.4.3 A Framework for Value-Integration ....................................................................25 1.4.4 Value Profiles for Professional Ethics ................................................................26 1.4.5 Exercise 1: Developing Strategies for Value Realization ..................................27 1.4.6 Obstacles to GroupWork (Developed by Chuck Huffor Good Computing: A Vi rtue Approach to Computer Ethics) .............................................................................28 1.4.7 Exercise 2 -Avoiding the Pitfalls of Group Work ...............................................30 1.4.8 Exercise 3: Socio Technical System .....................................................................30 1.4.9 Exercise 4: Prepare a Final, Group Self-Evaluation ...........................................32 1.4.10 Wrap Up: Some further points to consider... ..................................................33 1.4.11 Ethics of Team Work Presentations .................................................................33 1.4.12 Ethics of Teamwork Jeopardy ...........................................................................34 1.4.13 Bibliography ........................................................................................................34 Chapter 2 Ethical Decision-Making ............................................................................35 2.1 Ethical Rights for Working Engineers and Other Professionals .................................35 2.1.1 Module Introduction ............................................................................................35 2.1.2 What you need to know........................................................................................36 2.1.3 What you are going to do... .................................................................................42 2.1.4 Conclusion .............................................................................................................42 2.2 Three Frameworks for Ethical Decision Making and Good Computing Reports .....43 2.2.1 Module Introduction ............................................................................................43 2.2.2 Problem-Solving or Decision-Making Framework: Analogy between ethics an d design............................................................................................................................44 2.2.3 Software Development Cycle: Four Stages .......................................................45 2.2.4 Problem specification ...........................................................................................45 2.2.5 Solution Generation .............................................................................................49 2.2.6 Solution Testing: The solutions developed in the second stage must be teste d in various ways. ...........................................................................................................51 2.2.7 Solution Implementation......................................................................................52 2.2.8 Ethics Tests For Solution Evaluation ..................................................................54 2.2.9 Setting Up the Ethics Tests: Pitfalls to avoid .....................................................54 2.2.10 Harm/Beneficence Test .....................................................................................55 2.2.11 Reversibility Test .................................................................................................56 2.2.12 Steps in Applying the Public Identification Test .............................................56 2.2.13 Code of Ethics Test .............................................................................................57 2.2.14 Meta Tests ...........................................................................................................57 2.2.15 Application Exercise ...........................................................................................58 Decision-Making Presentation .............................................................................59 Decision Making Worksheet .................................................................................60 2.3 Values-Based Decision-Making in Gilbane Gold ..........................................................60 2.3.1 Module Introduction ............................................................................................60 2.3.2 What you need to know... ....................................................................................61 2.3.3 What you are going to do... .................................................................................63 2.3.4 Exercise: Problem Solving With Gilbane Gold ...................................................63 2.3.5 Conclusion..............................................................................................................65 Values in Gilbane Gold Handout ..........................................................................65 Virtues for ADMI 3405 ...........................................................................................66 2.4 Socio-Technical Systems in Professional Decision Making ........................................66 2.4.1 Module Introduction ............................................................................................66 2.4.2 Things to Know about STSs .................................................................................68 2.4.3 Constituents or Sub-Environments of Business Activity ..................................69 2.4.4 Ethics of STS Research .........................................................................................83 2.4.5 Participatory Observation ...................................................................................84 2.4.6 Exercise 1: Make a Table that Describes the Socio-Technical System ............85 2.4.7 Exercise 2: Identify Value Mismatches in the STS..............................................86 2.4.8 Using Socio-Technical System Grids for Problem Specification ......................88 Burger Man Socio-Technical System Table .........................................................89 2.4.9 Media File Uplinks .................................................................................................89 Socio-Technical Systems .......................................................................................89 STS Templates ........................................................................................................90 Chapter 3 CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) ......................................................91 3.1 A Short History of the Corporation ................................................................................91 Word Version of this Template ....................................................................................91 3.1.1 Introduction ..........................................................................................................91 3.1.2 What you need to know ... ...................................................................................91 3.1.2.1 The History of the Corporation ...............................................................91 3.1.2.1.1 Passive Devices that hold property .............................................92 3.1.2.1.2 Structures that exert monopoly control and regulate a domain of specialized ..................................................................................................92 3.1.2.1.3 A set of means specially designed to pool capital and resources including human resources. .........................................................................93 3.1.2.1.4 Providing a legal shield to limit owner and operator liability ...93 3.1.2.1.5 Organizational structure that subordinate and synthesize the a ctions of human agents ................................................................................93 3.1.2.1.6 Profile of the Modern Corporation ...............................................94 3.1.2.2 Legal Trail Toward Corporate Moral Personhood: A Table Summary .98 3.1.3 What you will do ... ............................................................................................ 100 3.1.3.1 Exercise One: Other People's Money .................................................. 100 3.1.3.2 Exercise Two: How to punish Arthur Andersen .................................. 100 3.1.3.3 Exercise Three: Group CID Structure ................................................... 101 3.1.4 What did you learn? .......................................................................................... 102 3.1.5 Appendix ............................................................................................................ 102 3.1.5.1 Bibliography ............................................................................................ 102 3.2 Moral Ecologies in Corporate Governance................................................................. 104 Word Version of this Template ................................................................................. 104 3.2.1 Thought Experiment: Plato-The Ring of Gyges .............................................. 104 3.2.1.1 Thought Experiment: The Milgram Experiments ............................... 104 3.2.1.2 Thought Experiment: Zimbardo and the Standford Prison Experiment ............................................................................................................................... 105 3.2.2 Introduction ....................................................................................................... 107 3.2.3 What you need to know ... ................................................................................ 107 3.2.3.1 Personality Characteristics: The "Big Five" (plus one) ........................ 107 3.2.3.2 Three Moral Ecologies ............................................................................ 108 3.2.4 What you will do ... ............................................................................................ 115 3.2.5 What did you learn? .......................................................................................... 116 3.2.6 Appendix ............................................................................................................ 116 3.3 Three Views of CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility)............................................... 117 Word Version of this Template ................................................................................. 117 3.3.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................... 118 3.3.2 The Social Contract between Business and Society ....................................... 122 3.3.3 Three CSR Frameworks ..................................................................................... 123 3.3.4 What you will do ... ............................................................................................ 125 3.3.5 Burger Man Stakeholders ................................................................................. 125 3.3.6 What did you learn? .......................................................................................... 128 3.3.7 Appendix ............................................................................................................ 128 Rubric for Partial Exam on CSR ......................................................................... 128 3.4 Theory Building Activities: "Responsibility and Incident at Morales" ..................... 130 3.4.1 Module Introduction ......................................................................................... 130 3.4.1.1 Getting Started... .................................................................................... 130 3.4.1.1.1 Before You Come to Class... ...................................................... 131 3.4.2 What you need to know... ................................................................................. 131 3.4.2.1 Different meanings of Responsibility .................................................. 131 3.4.2.2 Blame Responsibility............................................................................... 133 3.4.2.3 Proactive Responsibility ......................................................................... 134 3.4.3 Presentation on Moral Responsibility ............................................................. 137 3.4.4 What you are going to do... .............................................................................. 137 3.4.4.1 Stakeholder Roles .................................................................................. 138 3.4.5 Module Time Line .............................................................................................. 139 3.4.6 Incident at Morales and Jeopardy ................................................................... 140 3.4.7 What have you learned? ................................................................................... 140 3.5 Ethical Issues in Risk Management for Business ....................................................... 141 Word Version of this Template ................................................................................. 141 3.5.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................... 141 3.5.2 What you need to know ... ................................................................................ 144 3.5.3 What you will do ... ............................................................................................ 150 3.5.4 What did you learn? .......................................................................................... 151 3.5.5 Appendix ............................................................................................................ 151 Chapter 4 CG (Corporate Governance) ....................................................................153 4.1 Different Approaches to Corporate Governance ...................................................... 153 Word Version of this Template ................................................................................. 156 4.1.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................... 156 4.1.2 What you need to know ... ................................................................................ 156 4.1.2.1 Prisoner's Dilemma: Cooperation or Competition? ............................ 156 4.1.2.2 A Short Footnote on Human Nature .................................................... 158 4.1.2.3 Approaches to Corporate Governance Summary Table .................... 159 4.1.2.4 External Controls: Fining, Stock Dilution, Changing Internal Governanc e, Court Ordered Adverse Publicity, and Community Service........................ 165 4.1.3 What you will do … ............................................................................................ 168 4.1.4 What did you learn? .......................................................................................... 168 4.1.5 Appendix ...........................
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  • Fall '08
  • Krecz
  • Ethics , Mountain Terrorist Exercise

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