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HISTORY OF BADMINTONA badminton-like game was known in ancient Greece and Egypt - a game called battledore and shuttlecock - in which two players hit a feathered shuttlecock back and forth with tiny rackets.The game was played in India during the 18th Century, at which time it was called "Poona" . In the 1860s it was adopted by British Army officers stationed in India. The officers took the game back to England, where it became a success at a party given by the Duke of Beaufort in 1873 at his estate called "Badminton" in Gloucestershire.A variation of Badminton which has been developed only recently, Speed Badminton or Speedminton, is played without a net, and is gaining popularity, especially in Germany.INSTRUMENTS IN BADMINTON1.RacketThe badminton racket is one of the most important tools a player has in thegame. Badminton rackets are much lighter than most other sports racketsbecause they are made from materials such as carbon fiber or lighter metalssuch as aluminum. Parts of the racket include the head, throat, shaft andhandle with a maximum length of 27.77 inches and a width of 9 inches. ItStrings that are stretched across the opening of the racket in a checkerboardpattern, which acts as the hitting surface. Badminton rackets can vary widelyin cost depending on whether they are purchased as part of a basic backyardset or as more expensive professional models.2.ShuttlecockThe badminton shuttlecock, also referred to as a shuttle or birdie, acts similarly toa ball in other racket sports. However, the design of the birdie creates more dragas it is propelled through the air due to its feathered shape. The shuttlecock ismade up of a cone shape with a hard cork at its tip. Shuttlecocks can be madefrom a variety of materials -- more expensive models are actually made fromfeathers, and less expensive models are made from plastic feathers. The shuttlehas 16 feathers attached to the base and the length of the feathers range between2.44 and 2.75 inches.3.NetA mesh net divides the badminton court into two sides. A badminton net is placed lower than a volleyball net at five feet and one inch high on the sides and five feet high in the center. The length may vary depending on whether doubles or singles are playing, with singles reaching 17
feet and doubles reaching 22 feet. The net is 30 inches wide with a 3-inchwhite tape doubled over the top.