Operation Barbarossa.docx - Operation Barbarossa From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search Operation Barbarossa Part of the

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Operation Barbarossa From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search Operation Barbarossa Part of the Eastern Front of World War II Clockwise from top left: German soldiers advance through Northern Russia; German flamethrower team in the Soviet Union ; Soviet Ilyushin Il-2s flying over German positions near Moscow ; Soviet prisoners of war on the way to German prison camps; Soviet soldiers fire artillery at German positions. Date 22 June – 5 December 1941 (5 months, 1 week and 6 days) Location Central , Northeast , and Eastern Europe Belligerents Germany Romania Finland Italy Hungary Slovakia Croatia Soviet Union Commanders and leaders
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Adolf Hitler Walther von Brauchitsch Franz Halder Fedor von Bock Gerd von Rundstedt Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Ion Antonescu Gustaf Mannerheim Joseph Stalin Georgy Zhukov Aleksandr Vasilyevskiy Semyon Budyonny Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Markian Popov Fyodor Kuznetsov Dmitry Pavlov Ivan Tyulenev Mikhail Kirponos Units involved Axis armies [show] Soviet armies [show] Strength Frontline strength (initial) 3.8 million personnel [1] [2] 3,350–3,795 tanks [3] [1] [4] [5] 3,030–3,072 other AFVs [6] [a] 2,770–5,369 aircraft [3] [7] 7,200–23,435 artillery Frontline strength (initial) 2.6–2.9 million personnel [8] [9] [10] 11,000 tanks [11] [12] 7,133–9,100 military aircraft [13] [14] [15] 14,000,000 reserves (former conscripts who finished their mandatory service) [16] [17]
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pieces [1] [3] [5] 17,081 mortars [5] Casualties and losses Total military casualties: 1,000,000+ Breakdown [show] Total military casualties: 4,973,820 Breakdown [show] v t e Operation Barbarossa v t e Eastern Front Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa ) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union , which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II . The operation stemmed from Nazi Germany 's ideological aims to conquer the western Soviet Union so that it could be repopulated by Germans , to use Slavs as a slave-labour force for the Axis war effort, and to seize the oil reserves of the Caucasus and the agricultural resources of Soviet territories. [24] In the two years leading up to the invasion, Germany and the Soviet Union signed political and economic pacts for strategic purposes. Nevertheless, the German High Command began planning an invasion of the Soviet Union in July 1940 (under the codename Operation Otto ), which Adolf Hitler authorized on 18 December 1940. Over the course of the operation, about three million personnel of the Axis powers - the largest invasion force in the history of warfare - invaded the western Soviet Union along a 2,900-kilometer (1,800 mi) front. In addition to troops, the Wehrmacht deployed some 600,000 motor vehicles, and between 600,000 and 700,000 horses for non-combat operations. The offensive marked an escalation of World War II, both geographically and in the formation of the Allied coalition .
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Operationally, German forces achieved major victories and occupied some of the most important
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