a5.rtf - aChapter 5 Program Evaluation and Research...

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a Chapter 5: Program Evaluation and Research Techniques Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Your organization hires you to conduct a formative evaluation of a new informatics intervention. Which areas would you focus on in a formative evaluation? a. Cost, patient safety, and patient outcomes b. Intervention fidelity, implementation quality, and types of personnel c. Errors, change in provider decision-making, and cost d. Unintended outcomes, delays in implementation, and cost ANS: B Intervention fidelity, implementation quality, and types of personnel are areas that would be focused upon in formative evaluation. Results of the formative evaluation are used as feedback to the program for continuous improvement. DIF: Cognitive Level: Apply REF: p. 73 2. Which statement is true regarding the differences between research and evaluation? a. Evaluation is concerned with the goals of a specific program and usually has multiple stakeholders as compared to research, which has specific scientific hypotheses and fewer stakeholders. b. Evaluation studies have higher generalizability, whereas research is concerned with only internal generalizability. c. Evaluation studies use few methods, whereas research studies use multiple methods. d. Evaluation studies have longer timelines and more resources, compared to research with shorter timelines and fewer
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resources. ANS: A Evaluation is concerned with the goals of a specific program, whereas research focuses on a specific scientific hypothesis. There are also fewer stakeholders in research than in evaluation. The scope of research is limited, whereas evaluation has a much broader scope.
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