Study guide 1 - Study guide 1 Chapter 1 Mythos- speech,...

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Study guide 1 Chapter 1 Mythos - speech, story o Myth is not religion o Transmitted across generations: “Collective importance” o Anonymous(Homer, Sophocles, Vergil- adapt stories) o Mythos vs. logos Mythos- teller, retelling Logos- an account or retelling- author responsible for details o Variation and change: different versions of the same myth o Time: Myths transcend time and space Three main types of myth : o Devine myth - (true myth, myths proper)- stories in which supernatural beings (gods, goddesses, abstractions, personifications) are the main actors; such stories generally explain why the world, of some aspect of it, is the way it is Etiological tale (Explanation of causes)- explanatory myths Weeping Rocks (Niobe), Gods’ appearances (mare-headed Demeter), star formations (catasterism), human culture (Prometheus). origin of humans in the world o Legends - (or sagas)- Stories of the great deeds of human heroes or heroines; legends narrate the events of human path (History: distant human past) Local cycles. Foundations of cities, slaying of monsters, kings, queens, wars. Agamemnon of Mycenae; Priam of Troy; Helen of Sparta. o Folktales - stories whose actors are ordinary people or animals; folktales entertain audience and teach or justify customary patterns of behavior Folktale types - different types/categories if folktales Folklore motifs - smaller element- the “cells” of a folktale type o Wish-fulfillment; reversal of fortune; abused child; youngest child; wicked stepmother; magical tokens (“the glass slipper”). Spirit helper; the underdog; hero quest; dragon combat; the hero in bondage; princess as reward; magic; taboo (often violated); animals talk like humans; metamorphosis; “Potiphar’s wife” Not part of cycles Entertainment Character - a certain mental imprint Other features of myth:
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o Survival of early social practices: cannibalism, suitor contest, human sacrifice, wife theft, blood vendetta. o Distortion by folktale of historical elements: cf. Troy, Mycenae Chapter 2 The east Mediterranean and its peoples Origins of civilization (=”citifying”) in the near eats. Mesopotamia (Tigris- Euphrates). Sumerians (3400 BC) o New technologies: irrigation for agriculture, clay for brick and pottery, bronze (copper and tin), horses, navigation, class social structure, cuneiforms writing Semitic successors to Sumerians - Akkadians (2500 BC), Babylonians (1800 BC), Assytions (900 BC), Chaldeans (600 BC), Canaanites, Jews (Abraham 2000 BC, Moses 1200) Egyptians (3100 BC) o Hamitic language. First nation state. Greek Geography “Mainland” o Boetia - Balken peninsula- plains- principal settlement in ancient times was the city of Thebes and the plain of Attica o Attica - Athens capital Euboea (euboea)- where the best Limestones for the Greeks were found o Thessaly, Macedonia, Epirus Peloponnesus - cultivable plains o Arcadia o Argolid - in Bronze Age had principle settlements Tiryns and Mycenae
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course CLASSICS 370 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '07 term at Wisconsin.

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Study guide 1 - Study guide 1 Chapter 1 Mythos- speech,...

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