Wk 2_Chpt 40 NURS 221 Student_Spring 2019.pptx

Wk 2_Chpt 40 NURS 221 Student_Spring 2019.pptx - Chapter 40...

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Chapter 40 Hygiene
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SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE BASE Physical hygiene is necessary for comfort, safety, and well-being. Ill patients require assistance with personal hygiene. Several factors influence a patient’s hygiene practices, such as culture and age. Good hygiene techniques promote normal structure and function of tissues. Apply knowledge of pathophysiology to provide preventive hygiene care.
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THE SKIN Functions include: Protection, secretion, excretion, temperature regulation, and sensation Two layers: Epidermis: shields underlying tissue Dermis: contains bundles of collagen, nerve fibers, blood vessels, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles Subcutaneous: tissue lies just beneath the skin; contains blood vessels, nerves, lymph, and loose connective tissue filled with fat cells
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THE FEET, HANDS, AND NAILS Feet, hands, and nails require special attention to prevent infection. The hand in contrast to the foot is used for manipulation rather than for support. The condition of a patient’s hands and feet influences his or her ability to perform hygiene care. The normal nail is transparent, smooth, and convex, with a pink nail bed and a white tip.
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THE ORAL CAVITY Cavity is lined with mucous membranes. Normal oral mucosa is light pink, soft, moist, smooth, and without lesions. Medications, exposure to radiation, and mouth breathing can impair salivary secretion. Xerostomia—dry mouth Gingivitis—inflammation of the gums Dental caries—tooth decay
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ORAL THRUSH Candidiasis, oral thrush is a yeast infection 7
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QUESTION – TRUE/FALSE 1. The more sugar you eat, the more cavities you get. 2. Sugar-free soda can hurt your teeth. 3. Teeth-whiteners used in a dentist's office are much stronger than over-the-counter (OTC) whiteners. 4. Mouthwash fights bad breath, but it doesn't help keep your teeth and gums healthy. 5. Which increases your chance of losing a tooth? 6. Celery is good for your teeth. 7. You should replace your tooth brush ever 3-4 months 8. You should brush your teeth immediately after drinking acidic things?
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