Use_This__Research Terminology (2)_revised (4)_numbered (3).docx

Use_This__Research Terminology (2)_revised (4)_numbered (3).docx

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Research Terminology AKA 100 + Useful Terms (This will be important for Test 1) 1. Evidence-based Practice (EBP) o A process of utilizing confirmed evidence (research and quality improvement), decision making, and nursing expertise to guide the delivery of holistic patient care. 2. Research o A methodical examination that uses regimented techniques to resolve questions or decipher dilemmas. 3. Primary source o A report of findings from a research study by the one conducting the research 4. Secondary source o Second-hand explanation of proceedings or facts; explanation of a study or studies organized by someone other than the primary researcher. o 5. Levels of evidence Level 1: Meta-analysis Level 2: Experimental Designs (randomized controlled trials) Level 3: Well-designed quasi-experimental design (not randomized or no control group) Level 4: Well-designed nonexperimental design Level 5: Case reports, clinical expertise, expert opinion o A hierarchal framework to determine the strength of an article 6. Gaps in the literature o An opportunity for further research; the information about the topic seems to be incomplete 7. Literature/synthesis matrix o Pg. 260 8. Purpose o A component of the methodology of a study that defines why the study is being done. 9. Background o A component of the methodology providing foundational information about the issue being considered for a study. 10. Methodology o The planned endeavor as to how a study will be conducted. 11. Quality Improvement o A process used to review policies, areas of practice to validate current practice. 12. Quality Assurance
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o An orderly practice of examining a product or service to determine if it meets precise requirements. 13. Process Improvement o A systematic approach to identify steps are in place to meet expected outcomes. 14. Research process o The use of different types of question for various research types to be clarified. 15. Research utilization o The application of selected facets of a scientific analysis through a process unconnected to the fundamental research. 16. Clinical decision making o The course of action by which a person resolves who needs what and when it is needed. 17. Expert opinion o Information provided by an individual who is viewed as an authority, based upon a set of criteria related to information applicable and/or significant to a designated problem or situation. 18. Evidence o Foundation on which beliefs and proofs are established; a pathway to clear and organized proof on a given topic. 19. Opinions o Attitudes and viewpoints that do not rest on adequate foundations to be viewed as completely without biases, and represent a person’s beliefs, judgments, and/or values concerning a designated subject. 20. PICO(T) o The five components of an evidence-based question: patient population of interest, intervention or interest, comparison of interest, outcome of interest, and time.
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  • Summer '12
  • Mrs.
  • Qualitative Research, researcher

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