COG PSYCH STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1

COG PSYCH STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 - o CHAPTER 1 o History...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o CHAPTER 1 o History – Descartes influences o Thinking as the essence of humans o Mind and body exist and interact What is the mind-body problem? Materialism? o The body is a machine o derived and innate ideas o What is empiricism? Empirical evidence is scientific evidence obtained by careful observation and experimentation. Aristotle’s views provided the original basis for cognitive psychologists’ emphasis on empirical evidence. o What is associationism? o Immanuel Kant we do have innate knowledge o What are categories? Forms by which mind structures o Influence brought on modern cognitive psychology we impose order on the world o Wilhelm Wundt (founder of psychology) brought philosophy and physiology together to found psychology o What did he study in the lab? Studied the structure of immediate conscious experience o What is introspection?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Analyzing one’s own sensations and reporting them as subjectively as possible o Functionalism: influences on Americans to develop it o practicality o Darwinism – what is the survival value of a trait? Random variation and selection o How did functionalism open up psychology? o William James: Principles of Psychology (1890) Examined many topics about thinking still studied Theorized about everyday psychological experiences Emphasized that the human mind is active and inquiring Foreshadows many topics such as perception, attention, memory, reasoning and the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon o What is behaviorism? Focusing only on objective, observable reactions; behaviorism therefore emphasizes the environmental stimuli that determine behavior o What did it say can be studied scientifically? What cannot? Study of mental activity was not studied by behaviorists (such as cognitive processes, thinking etc) but they did contribute to the methods of current cog. Psych o 6 Criticism of Introspection ? paying attention to thinking may change thinking relies on memory – memory can be faulty may not know what is going on in your own mind different results w/different researchers to whom do the results generalize ? o What was behaviorism’s lasting contribution to psychology? They emphasized the importance of operational definition Their learning principles are extensively used in therapy, business, and education Valued experimental control
Background image of page 2
o What is an operational definition? A precise definition that specifies exactly how a concept is to be measured Defining a concept by the way it is measured o What led to the rise of modern psychology? Disenchantment w/behaviorism in the U.S. – psychologists wanted to study thinking, mental processes and the mind Behaviorists had problems theorizing Naom Chomsky’s attack on B.F. Skinner’s “Verbal Behavior” Popularity of Gene Praget’s theory Rise of computers and information theory o What was Alan Turing’s contribution? Laid the foundation (theoretical) of modern digital computers
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course PSYC 2145 taught by Professor Cheriking during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

Page1 / 12

COG PSYCH STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 - o CHAPTER 1 o History...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online