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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 On the Sociology of Deviance (Erikson) *Question what is full employment? Four Functions of Deviance 1) Cohesion & Integration people coming close to each other due to a boundary definition (i.e. pot smoker group shunning the offer for coke; the group became closer) 2) Boundary Definition the communities moral boundaries are set by the deviant and members of the community inform each other 3) Social Change some sort of change in the environment that shifts the boundary definition 4) Full Employment (?) How Institutions Perpetuate Deviance reasons why people who come out of jail or rehab are more likely to commit crimes again 1) Gather deviants into segregated groups 2) Teach skills and attitudes 3) Reinforce a sense of alienation Other Concepts Commitment ceremonies i.e. criminal trial; confront, announce, place. Irreversible deviant cannot rid the stigma Self-fulfilling prophecies the fact that a lot of criminals return to crime after jail; you will do what you expect yourself to do Chapter 2 A Typology of Deviance Based on Middle Class Norms (Tittle & Paternoster) *Question what is the difference between prudence and moderation? 1) Loyalty concerns the ultimate right of the group or collectivity to sustain itself through subordinating individual interests into group survival (opposite apostasy) 2) Privacy every person has the right to exclusive control over things such as private property and personal items (opposite intrusion) 3) Prudence people are expected to exercise selectivity in the practice of pleasurable activities (opposite indiscrete) i.e. the practice of certain sexual behaviors and use of drugs 4) Conventionality all must practice personal habits and lead lives that are similar to the conventions followed by most middle-class people (opposite bizarreness) 5) Responsibility people, especially those on whom others are dependent, must be reliable (opposite irresponsibility) 6) Participation everybody will take an active part in the social and economic life of the community or society and the institution as it spawns (opposite alienation) 7) Moderation all things should be in moderation and extremes of any kind are unacceptable (opposite hedonism/asceticism) 8) Honesty the middle class normative system requires a certain degree of honesty, at least in important things (opposite deceitfulness) 9) Peacefulness quiet, tranquility and order are the hallmarks of American-middle class communities and social life (opposite disruption) 10) Courtesy in almost every activity there are norms requiring that the presence of others be taken into account so they arent offended (opposite uncouthness) Chapter 3 Integrating Normative and Reactivist Definitions of Deviance (Heckert & Heckert) ABCs of Deviance Attitudes, Behaviors or Conditions 4 Types of Deviance 1) Negative Deviance under-conformity that is negatively evaluated (i.e. any under-conformity that is negatively evaluated (i....
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course SOCY 1001 taught by Professor Walden,gle during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.
- Spring '07