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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 On the Sociology of Deviance (Erikson) *Question – what is full employment? Four Functions of Deviance 1) Cohesion & Integration – people coming close to each other due to a boundary definition (i.e. pot smoker group shunning the offer for coke; the group became closer) 2) Boundary Definition – the communities moral boundaries are set by the deviant and members of the community inform each other 3) Social Change – some sort of change in the environment that shifts the boundary definition 4) Full Employment – (?) How Institutions Perpetuate Deviance – reasons why people who come out of jail or rehab are more likely to commit crimes again 1) Gather deviants into segregated groups 2) Teach skills and attitudes 3) Reinforce a sense of alienation Other Concepts • Commitment ceremonies – i.e. criminal trial; confront, announce, place. Irreversible – deviant cannot rid the stigma • Self-fulfilling prophecies – the fact that a lot of criminals return to crime after jail; you will do what you expect yourself to do Chapter 2 A Typology of Deviance Based on Middle Class Norms (Tittle & Paternoster) *Question – what is the difference between prudence and moderation? 1) Loyalty – concerns the ultimate right of the group or collectivity to sustain itself through subordinating individual interests into group survival (opposite – apostasy) 2) Privacy – every person has the right to exclusive control over things such as private property and personal items (opposite – intrusion) 3) Prudence – people are expected to exercise selectivity in the practice of pleasurable activities (opposite – indiscrete) i.e. the practice of certain sexual behaviors and use of drugs 4) Conventionality – all must practice personal habits and lead lives that are similar to the conventions followed by most middle-class people (opposite – bizarreness) 5) Responsibility – people, especially those on whom others are dependent, must be reliable (opposite – irresponsibility) 6) Participation – everybody will take an active part in the social and economic life of the community or society and the institution as it spawns (opposite – alienation) 7) Moderation – all things should be in moderation and extremes of any kind are unacceptable (opposite – hedonism/asceticism) 8) Honesty – the middle class normative system requires a certain degree of honesty, at least in important things (opposite – deceitfulness) 9) Peacefulness – quiet, tranquility and order are the hallmarks of American-middle class communities and social life (opposite – disruption) 10) Courtesy – in almost every activity there are norms requiring that the presence of others be taken into account so they aren’t offended (opposite – uncouthness) Chapter 3 Integrating Normative and Reactivist Definitions of Deviance (Heckert & Heckert) ABCs of Deviance – Attitudes, Behaviors or Conditions 4 Types of Deviance 1) Negative Deviance – under-conformity that is negatively evaluated (i.e. any under-conformity that is negatively evaluated (i....
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- Spring '07