CHALLENGES TO NATIONAL UNITY - CHALLENGES TO NATIONAL UNITY...

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CHALLENGES TO NATIONAL UNITY Canadian National Unity People’s feelings of unity — oneness— with others is often closely tied to their sense of identity. feel a common bond with others or who have a strong sense of belonging to a particular group or collective often feel as if they are part of a unified whole. Challenges to promotion of Canadian unity Within Canada, individuals, groups, and collectives often feel contending loyalties and sometimes have trouble striking a balance between their loyalties. If all groups and nations within Canada are being asked to become more unified—to become one Canada—what does this mean for each group’s unique culture, heritage, language, and identity? GEOGRAPHY Canada is huge. geography of these regions is very different. peoples in various regions have differing needs that are often dictated by the geography where they live. differences often create inter-regional tensions. some individuals and groups have felt excluded from the process. 1.Western Alienation federal government’s objectives do not always match goals of people in specific regions. realities can foster the belief that Confederation has not benefited all Canadians equally. Alberta and other Western provinces, this belief has sometimes led to feelings of alienation. 2. Equalization Payments When citizens believe they are treated fairly and equally, they are more likely to feel a sense of belonging to their country or nation. federal government ensure that public services are available more or less equally to all Canadians, no matter where they live. So, federal government collects taxes from individuals and businesses across the country. revenues are pooled and redistributed to less prosperous provinces, which decide how to spend the money. 3. Political Representation Canada’s population is spread unevenly across the country, and ensuring that all Canadians and all regions are represented fairly in Parliament presents another challenge to national unity. If representation by population were the sole basis for electing members of Parliament, Ontario and Québec — where about two-thirds of Canadians live — would easily dominate.
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