1 ultranationalism vs nationalism

1 ultranationalism vs nationalism - Background Information...

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Background Information Examples of Nationalism and Ultranationalism • How are the events in Set A similar? • How are the events in Set B similar? • What distinguishes the events in Set A from those in Set B? Set A Set B Apartheid in South Africa Olympic Games Apartheid was the social and political policy of racial segregation and discrimination enforced by white minority governments in South Africa from 1948 to 1994. The term apartheid, from the Afrikaans word for "apartness," was used as a political slogan of the National Party in the early 1940s. After the primarily Afrikaner Nationalists came to power in 1948, the social custom of apartheid was systematized under law. To implement apartheid, the South African government passed the Population Registration Act of 1950, which put all South Africans into three racial categories: Bantu (black African), white, or coloured (mixed race). A fourth category, Asian (Indians and Pakistanis), was added later. The system of apartheid was further entrenched by a series of laws passed in the 1950s that assigned races to different residential and business sections and restricted nonwhite residence to specific areas. Every four years, countries send their best athletes to compete in a variety of sports. Athletes, both amateur and professional, take great pride in representing their country at the Olympic Games. In each sport, the victors receives their gold medals while the flag of their country is raised and their country's national anthem is played. Although the Olympic creed states: "The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle.” Many countries, including Canada,
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